The liver is a vital organ in the human body, as even heart or kidney can replace artificial organs, but the liver - no. If a person has two kidneys, and the loss of one does not entail a quick death, the liver makes it much worse. When the liver fails to work, you need to immediately transplant from a donor, but find it is not so easy, as it entails the most unpleasant consequences. What affects the liver, that it ceases to function normally?
Cirrhosis is a chronic disease that progresses rapidly. This disease occurs due to the late stages of various inflammations of the liver, and other organs. Because disorders and inflammation, some cells die, and in their place arises connective tissue that ringed stored liver cells, but it can not instead of them to function. Cells that were gradually begin to separate, forming areas of healthy liver tissue, surrounded by connective tissue. The structure of the liver is destroyed, but because it does not operate properly. As a result of all the above is formed hepatic failure.
Why there is cirrhosis?
Cirrhosis occurs because many diseases of the liver and other organs, alcohol abuse and certain medications. The main causes of this disease have hepatitis B, C, D, as well as alcohol and drug-induced hepatitis, parasitic diseases of the liver, biliary disease, congenital disorders of metabolism, as well as diseases of other organs, such as heart or circulatory system.
Types of cirrhosis
The stages of development and predicting cirrhosis divided into several types. The first type is called alcoholic cirrhosis, it occurs in people who abuse alcohol. This form develops as a rule, on the basis of alcoholic hepatitis. Such cirrhosis has its own special feature: if we reject the liquor immediately appear uluchsheniya.Vtorym view is the primary cirrhosis, which manifests itself in the form of inflammation of the liver bile. It is characterized mainly by jaundice, skin itch, fever and other symptoms. And the last third type - autoimmune. It arises due to improper operation of immunity. The immune system is fighting with his own liver cells, because the alien takes them. As a result of this struggle cells die, but instead is formed connective tissue.
Signs of cirrhosis
Cirrhosis is characterized by a very slow development, and on top, generally can not file any symptoms. However, in the later stages may have signs of cirrhosis such as lethargy, constant fatigue, loss of appetite and weight, skin itch is unbearable at night, reddened palms ( due to the strong blood flow in these areas of the body ), bleeding. All signs of cirrhosis, mainly manifested not at one point, and gradually and unobtrusively, especially for those people who suffer from chronic diseases of the liver and other organs.
Stage of cirrhosis
Stage cirrhosis :
- Compensating stage all signs do not appear, the cells that survived intensive function ;
- Subkompensiruyuschaya stage: the first symptoms begin to appear, the liver does not work fully, since surviving cells are drying up ;
- Decompensated : symptoms of liver failure. This stage is a very dangerous for human health and life in general.
Treatment of liver cirrhosis
Cirrhosis treatment primarily directed at eliminating the causes that led to the disease, diet and assigned complex vitamins, as well as eliminates the complications that have arisen as a result of cirrhosis.
If the person identified alcoholic cirrhosis, it should, without fail, be excluded from the diet alcoholic beverages. Also, in such a case is assigned to detoxification therapy, it is necessary to eliminate from the body of toxic substances. If the occurrence of hepatitis cirrhosis was caused, therefore, the treatment is directed to its elimination. Treatment of cirrhosis, which arose because of drug hepatitis begins with eliminating the use of causal drugs. Autoimmune cirrhosis treated with drugs that suppress the immune system, since such cirrhosis he promoted aggressive.
People suffering from active disease, are forbidden to drink alcohol, eat fatty, fried, smoked dishes. Also, omit the use of tomatoes, mushrooms, sausages, canned food and chocolate. It is recommended to include in the diet of soups, vegetables, cereals, lean boiled myasko, cottage cheese and sour cream, green apples, bread and so on.
Optimal and efficient method for the treatment of cirrhosis - is a liver transplant. To date, there are more and more new clinics that perform a liver transplant.
Cirrhosis treatment in folk medicine
This treatment can be carried out only in the initial stages of the disease, but in any case, still need to consult a doctor. In cirrhosis can help decoctions of nettle, rosehip, wheatgrass, tysyacheletnika, St. John's wort, horsetail. Nettles can be continuously used as an additive to tea.
Complications of cirrhosis
Cirrhosis can give complications such as ascites - expansion of the size of the abdomen due to accumulation of fluid in it, hepatic coma - a condition in which the brain is affected due to the presence in the blood of toxic substances set, bleeding from the veins of the digestive tract, liver cancer.
Prevention of liver cirrhosis
First of all, for the prevention of such illness should conduct a correct way of life, and pay attention to your diet, it must be rational, do not abuse alcohol, time to start to treat hepatitis and diseases that occur with cholestasis.