Sunday, March 22, 2015

Stomach ache

Abdominal pain ranged from dull to sharp or burning and shooting. Abdominal pain occur in various diseases and conditions.
General Information
Pain that occurs near the navel and moves to the right lower abdomen, appendicitis may indicate inflammation of the appendix (appendix intestine). In most serious cases, removal of the appendix need surgery. When running appendicitis appendix can break. If you experience severe pain or tenderness in the right lower abdomen, pain vzhivote walking, nausea, vomiting or loss of appetite, fever, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Pain in the left lower part of the peritoneum can be a symptom of diverticulitis. Diverticulitis occurs when the walls of the colon are formed spherical capsules small called diverticula which are subsequently infected and inflamed. Among other symptoms of diverticulitis include fever, nausea, vomiting, chills, cramping, and constipation. Diverticulitis treatment usually involves cleaning of colon inflammation and infections. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics and / or analgesics, liquid diet and bed rest for a few days. In some cases, treatment of diverticulitis requires a stay in hospital. If you have complications may need surgery. The best way to prevent diverticulitis diet enriched with fiber. Dietary fiber promotes proper digestion and reduce pressures in the colon. Gradually increase the amount of fiber in your daily diet, drink plenty of fluids. Help prevent diverticulitis timely bowel movements. The accumulation of waste digestive system entails an increase in pressure in the colon.
Acute pain in the right hypochondrium, worse after eating, indicating the presence of lesion of the gallbladder. By gallbladder disease include stones and inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis). If you have complications defeat the gallbladder may have other symptoms along with pain in the peritoneum. These include: jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes), high fever and chills. Sometimes people with gallstones do not experience any symptoms. When regularly occurring pain in the right upper quadrant should consult your doctor. With attacks of pain in the gallbladder can handle a number of ways, from simply waiting (observation of symptoms for some time, the absence of any treatment) before the medicines, and even surgery. Reduce the symptoms of gall bladder may also be reducing the amount of fat in their diets.
Abdominal pain, relaxes after a bowel movement and is accompanied by diarrhea or constipation, may indicate irritable bowel syndrome frequently encountered violations of the gastrointestinal tract, the cause of which is not yet established. In the event of irritable bowel syndrome, intestinal wall is compressed too much, too little, sometimes too slow, and sometimes the other way round too quickly. The symptoms of this disease include: bloating, flatulence, mucous stools, constant desire to empty the bowel.With this syndrome can not be dealt with by surgical methods or drugs. However, the deterioration can be prevented by eating large amounts of water, increasing the amount of fiber in the diet, reducing the amount of caffeine consumption and increasing physical activity.
Sharp burning pain in the upper and middle parts of the abdomen (between the breastbone and the navel) may indicate the presence of ulcers. An ulcer is a wound formed in tissue of the stomach or upper intestine. Causes ulcers set. Can play a role smoking, taking aspirin, ibuprofen or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Ulcer may also occur if the stomach can not protect themselves against the potent gastric juice. Helicobacter pylori bacteria that live in the stomach - also capable of causing an ulcer. Stress and spicy foods may not be the cause of ulcers. Heartburn alone can not testify about the disease. Severe pain such as heartburn can also be caused by less serious disease gastroesophageal reflux disease.
In women, abdominal pain may indicate any problems with the reproductive system. Pelvic pain occurring every month before menstruation, endometriosis can speak about a state in which the particles are moving tissue of the uterus through the fallopian tube and onto the ovaries, renal pelvis, bladder, and other organs. Soreness in the lower abdomen can mean pelvic inflammatory disease (infection of the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes). In women of childbearing age ectopic pregnancy can also cause acute or sharp stabbing pains in the peritoneum, accompanied by vaginal bleeding, irregular menstrual cycles and pain radiating to the shoulders. Ovarian cyst and uterine fibroids can also cause abdominal pain in women.
For other cases the appearance of abdominal pain include: urinary tract infections, food poisoning and allergies, hernia, kidney stones, and lactose intolerance.
Causes of abdominal pain
In most cases, abdominal pain caused quite common causes such as emotional disorders, overeating or flu. However, these pain symptoms can be caused by a more severe disease. Clearly identify the cause of the pain can be a doctor.
In the event of weakly expressed pain, appearing sporadically for less than 4 weeks, you can try to deal with the problem on their own.
It is recommended to consult a doctor for pain, appearing sporadically for more than 4 weeks.
Need urgent medical care under the following conditions:
- The pain is accompanied by fever, jaundice, dark urine, severe nausea or vomiting, light pasty stools;- Sudden sharp stabbing pain in the abdomen, accompanied by vaginal bleeding, irregular cycles, pain radiating to the shoulders;- Severe persistent pain in the peritoneum after injury;- Sudden very severe pain lasting more than 2 hoursNeed urgent hospitalization If the following symptoms:- Abdominal pain, accompanied by unexpected bright red rectal bleeding or vomiting blood or a substance like coffee grounds;- Dizziness, light-headedness, rapid pulse, cold clammy skin.

What can you do with abdominal pain
Weak pain not associated with disease ulcer, diverticulitis, or gallbladder disease, can be treated at home. It should give the body enough time to rest. To ease the pain, take simple analgesics or antispasmodics (drotaverin, paracetamol). Do not use aspirin or other anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen. Avoid alcohol and caffeine.
Do not use laxatives and enemas or place.

What can a doctor
To determine the cause of the pain, your doctor may ask you the following questions: "Describe the pain you feel" (spastic, sharp or dull), constant, or does it occur intermittently? At what point do you feel the pain? At what point she appeared? How long? When pain occurs? (Menstruating? Is a growing pain after eating?) Probably need further examination.
Method of treatment will depend on the causes of abdominal pain.


Impetigo is a disease characterized by the formation of surface bubble-pustular rash.
What is impetigo?
Impetigo usually begins with the appearance of painful red spots that become bubbles through a stage full of sores, scabs type of honey.Occurs more frequently in children; adults are usually infected men shaving; often occurs as a complication of other diseases (itching, and so on. d.).
There are several forms of impetigo: streptococcal, staphylococcal, vulgar (mixed).
The disease is very contagious.
Impetigo often becomes the scourge of children's groups, most often it occurs in small teams, nursery children. Often there is a home and school outbreaks. Impetigo is dangerous because it can give complication of the internal organs, so that any outbreak of the disease is thoroughly investigated, and children are being treated.

The reasons leading to the formation of impetigo
More than 80% of the pathogen Staphylococcus aureus impetigo presented or beta-hemolytic streptococcus. Pathogen penetrates through the cracks and abrasions of the skin, mouth of the hair follicles.
Impetigo can occur as a primary disease or a complication of an existing dermatoses, such as eczema, neurodermatitis (secondary impetigo). Risk factors for impetigo:
1) Tropical or subtropical climate (warm humid conditions).2) Summer or rainy season.3) Slight damage the skin, insect bites, et al. (Microtrauma).4) Poor hygienic conditions, epidemics, war and others.5) The presence of impetigo in the family.6) Poor health due to anemia and malnutrition, hypovitaminosis.7) metabolic disorders (diabetes).8) Impetigo may develop as a complication of pediculosis, scabies, chicken pox, eczema.9) Contact dermatitis.
Manifestations of impetigo
Streptococcal impetigo appear on the skin painful red mottled rash Bugorkova. The latter is converted into small bubbles to 0.51 cm in diameter, filled with lighter gradually mutneyuschim contents, and further bubbles are usually painless. Eruptions are scattered or crowded groups, surrounded by a narrow rim reddened skin .. They quickly opened. After the break bubbles appear moist surface red sores, and later they are covered with honey-colored crusts fall away after 57 days.The most frequent lesions appear on exposed parts of the body the face, legs, hands, but there may be other areas of the skin at the site of skin damage.
The rash may develop quickly or slowly.
In children, most often affects the corners of the mouth strep Zayed, the wings of the nose, the skin folds of the auricles. They begin to appear in the corner of the mouth bubble with sluggish thin skin in its place quickly formed slit-like erosion, after the removal of which is detected by a red wet easily bleeding surface with a crack down the middle. After 1-2 hours again Zayed crusts. The process may be accompanied by a small soreness when opening the mouth. The process often spreads to the oral mucosa. Sometimes impetigo occurs in isolation in the mouth, where in place quickly reveals painful bubbles formed erosion, covers purulent coating.Atypical variant of streptococcal impetigo is a simple deprive a person or dry pyoderma, in which the skin (usually in children) appear pink spots of various sizes from small scales; in place to resolve the rash is temporary depigmentation (skin discoloration).
A variety of cystic impetigo is a felon and a surface at which the bubble appears on the nail ridges arched around the nail in place burrs trauma (for example, during a manicure) Needlestick etc. When such a conflict of injuries opened and formed moist erosion in a large number of streptococci in the discharge.
When staphylococcal impetigo (folliculitis) in the mouths of sebaceous hair follicles appear pustules (pustules), reaches the value of a pea.
Folliculitis may be superficial or deep.
Superficial folliculitis is characterized by the formation of multiple small (1-2 mm, the individual may reach 5 mm) pustules, pierced in the center of hair and surrounded by a narrow pink border. 3-4 day their contents dries, yellow crusts appear after falling which, on the skin without leaving marks.
With deep folliculitis on the skin formed painful red nodules the size of 5 mm or more in diameter, sometimes with abscess in the middle. A few days later the knot dissolves or abscesses, and then opened. After healing of the nodule is often left hem.
With the combination of streptococcal and staphylococcal infection develops mixed (vulgar) impetigo, where the contents of the bubbles is purulent and peel - massive. Vulgar impetigo usually occurs on the face, trunk and extremities less. Eruptions are multiple. Without treatment, a number of former eruptions or in remote areas of the skin rash there are new, the process often takes widespread. When removing the crusts exposed wet eroded surface. Has a value of transmission of infection to new areas through the hands and clothes. Regional lymph nodes are painful on palpation and a few puffy.
Most often, the disease ends without consequences, but there may be complications. One of the most unpleasant complications are complications of the kidneys (nephritis) and the heart (myocarditis).
Staphylococcal impetigo may be complicated by widespread purulent processes - abscesses and phlegmon.
Prevention is the treatment of diseases that contribute to the development of impetigo in personal hygiene, processing microtraumas antiseptic, sick children should not be led to the kindergarten. In child care requires systematic sanitary and epidemiological supervision.Course and prognosis in impetigo
Full recovery for 7-10 days during the treatment.
What can your doctor do?
Diagnosis is made on clinical grounds.
Treatment of impetigo is usually performed in the clinic (outpatient).
Patient or mother (if the child is sick) explain that the affected and surrounding skin should not be washed with water, they should be cleaned twice a day disinfectants (eg, salicylic or camphor spirit). Individual vials opened and treated zelenkoj (Brilliant Green), then coated with antibiotic ointment (e.g., erythromycin). Such treatment is carried out 3-4 times a day for 7-10 days, without imposing on the skin dressing. After treatment for 1-2 weeks, rub the affected area with alcohol.
In severe infections in young children are assigned antibiotics (oral or intramuscular).
Diagnosis of impetigo is based on abjection. Collection of material for the study produced by the ulcer after removing the crust.
What can you do?
Assess the severity of the patient's condition and determine the amount of required therapeutic measures can only be a doctor. Therefore, when the appearance of the first symptoms should see a doctor for advice in order to avoid unwanted complications.
You can not kiss patients enjoy its dishes, linens, toiletries; child with impetigo can not attend schools, kindergartens, nurseries and others.

Treatment of asthma

In compliance with all recommendations of the doctor, people with asthma can lead normal, active lifestyle, learn, work, play sports, travel and so on. Diagnosis and treatment of asthma has been allergist. Treatment depends on the severity of the disease, which is determined by the frequency and severity of attacks, but also by the presence of seizure during the night.
Asthma is a chronic allergic pulmonary disease, manifested attacks of shortness of breath or dyspnea, dry cough, sometimes in response to exposure to an allergen, against colds, exercise, emotional stress.
From the definition it is clear that asthma can not be cured completely, but it can be controlled. Observing all the advice of a doctor, people with asthma can lead normal, active lifestyle, learn, work, play sports, travel and so on. Diagnosis and treatment of asthma has been allergist. Treatment depends on the severity of the disease, which is determined by the frequency and severity of attacks, but also by the presence of seizure during the night.
Take asthma medicine exactly as the doctor's advice
Asthma drugs can be classified into high-speed bronchodilators (emergency drugs) are used to stop the attacks, and preventive drugs used daily for light protection and prevention of asthma attacks. Fast-acting drugs are prescribed to all patients with an established diagnosis for use during attacks. As a rule, preventive medications prescribed for asthma of moderate and severe. You should know that taking drugs to prevent asthma symptoms every day safely. You will not be dependent on them, even if you use them for many years. There are several methods of administration of anti-asthma drugs. The most frequently prescribed drug in the form of an aerosol (inhaler). To facilitate the use of an inhaler especially in pediatric practice using special devices tank chamber or spacer. The main objective is to maximize the total dose delivery throughout the respiratory tract. In order to ensure the proper use of the inhaler, perform one inhalation of the drug under medical supervision.
Avoid factors that cause asthma attacks you
Should clearly remember all the allergens that cause asthma attacks and avoid contact with them.
Protect your home from the risk factors. Keep pets on the site, or give them away in good hands. Do not smoke in the house. Do not use perfumes and other substances silnopahnuschih. Remove rugs and carpets, chairs, extra pillows and everything where dust can collect. Put special dust-proof covers on pillows and mattresses. Use hypoallergenic mattresses, pillows and blankets. Wash sheets and blankets as often as possible. Ventilate the room regularly. However, do not let the room allergens, such as pollen or down. Avoid physical activity until the doctor says that your asthma is well controlled and sports does not hurt.
You should visit your allergist
You have to trust your doctor. If for some reason you are not satisfied with the doctor, change it. See your doctor as often as he recommends you. Even if you feel good, and you do not have breathing problems. You may need correction therapy or additional examinations. In some cases, performance monitoring respiratory physician recommends that you use the device at home peak flow meter. Use it as often as advised by the doctor, write down all the readings of this device. Keep the house a special blog. Record the date and time of each attack, as well as the allergen that caused it, and peak flow meter readings. Take the diary with you when you go to the reception. So the doctor will be easier to navigate in your state. Ask your doctor what signs indicate a worsening condition. You must accurately represent yourself what will you do in the event of an attack.
What to do when an attack
1) Stop contact with an allergen, which provoked the attack.2) Take a bronchodilator in one dose, which is prescribed by a doctor.3) Stay alone for hours to ensure that breathing returned to normal.
Consult a doctor immediately in the following cases
1) Your bronchodilator emergency does not work or only relieves symptoms for some time.2) Do you feel frequent palpitations, lips and nails turning blue, you find it difficult to say when breathing widely flaring nostrils and marked retraction of the skin in the intercostal spaces. These symptoms indicate ineffective drugs and the need for urgent intervention of a doctor. Call an ambulance.