Friday, October 9, 2015

Allergic conjunctivitis

Any illness creates some inconvenience for people. But of particular discomfort felt when suffering one of the most vulnerable and sensitive organs - eyes. This problem is familiar to so many: conjunctivitis occurs in children and the elderly, men and women. That is, all who have eyes. However, the most susceptible to the disease, those who:

    It has a weakened immune system;
    wear soft contact lenses;
    It takes corticosteroids;
    It has chronic nasal lesions, lacrimal;
    prone to allergies.

Of all the diseases of the eye it is the most common is conjunctivitis. It is easily treatable, but in the absence of proper attention may become chronic or even damage eyesight (such as nearsightedness).

Features of the disease

The eyeball and the inside of the transparent cover of the century, almost invisible film. Its thickness is not greater than one millimeter. This film, which is responsible for dry eye, and there conjunctiva. When it becomes inflamed, it begins conjunctivitis. The reasons for which an illness is pretty much the main ones are:

    other irritants (e.g., evaporation, chemical substances).

And viral and bacterial conjunctivitis is contagious. The only difference is that in the former case, the infection spreads through airborne droplets, and the second - in contact with the affected area. So first, as a rule, inflamed one eye and then the other. Although under certain conditions the second eye infection can be avoided.

Acute conjunctivitis is developing rapidly and has a bright symptoms and chronic, on the contrary, it proceeds rather slowly and is manifested not so clearly.

This disease can be in two forms: acute and chronic. The person experiences severe itching, pain, swelling of the eyelids (upper and lower), sometimes stinging. With the transition of allergic conjunctivitis in the chronic stage are stored only irritation of eyes and itching. The rest flows smoothed, but almost constantly. Disease manifests only on contact with the allergen.

    Medicinal conjunctivitis develops within 6 hours after taking the medications. During this time, there are growing rapidly swelling, excessive tearing, itching, burning sensation in the eyes and the inability to open it. After prolonged administration of the drug appears follicular form of allergic conjunctivitis. It reminds spring catarrh. In this case, the disease progresses slowly - about 4 months. After the abolition of the drug all the symptoms gradually disappear.
    Atopic conjunctivitis has a seasonal exacerbation. Often accompanied by allergic rhinitis and hay fever seen with. The manifestation of the disease is characterized by burning eyes, itching, severe pain, photophobia, and lacrimation. Also in the course of having swelling, redness and excessive mucus. For this form of allergic conjunctivitis is very dangerous secondary infection. From this age appear defeated, scarring, and hypertrophy of the papillae.
    Spring catarrh common in the southern regions. He mainly affects adolescents, children and men. It has a clear affection for the season: it begins in the spring and the autumn subsides. One of the first manifestations - itching. He gradually intensified, becoming unbearable, especially in the evening. Then, swollen eyelids, conjunctiva reddens. On the conjunctiva appears tuberosity - individual papillary proliferation of dense nature. Sometimes the disease becomes severe, affecting the cornea and limb. The disease has a long duration.

Among the consequences of allergic conjunctivitis:

    loss of visual acuity;
    bronchial asthma;
    the accession of secondary infection;
    purulent conjunctivitis;
    blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids);
    keratitis (inflammation of the cornea);
    iridocyclitis (inflammation of the iris eyes);
    anaphylactic shock.

Diagnosis of allergic conjunctivitis

Diagnosis is based on clinical presentation. For this study the data history and characteristics of symptoms. If you want to perform a differential diagnosis with other types of the disease:

    fungal conjunctivitis;
    viral conjunctivitis;
    bacterial conjunctivitis.

The most informative method is to bacteriological studies and bacterioscopic detachable eye and mucous membrane swabs. It is also practiced by cytological analysis of scrapings. To understand the cause of the allergic reaction is assigned to the procedure of establishing the cause of allergies. For this purpose, the skin tests and examinations of blood serum for the presence of IgE antibodies.


Despite the presence of specific symptoms, in many cases, even the doctor can not determine the cause of the disease, namely, it depends on it, what will be the treatment. Just identify the causative agent is possible only in laboratory conditions. But often such studies is not necessary, most conjunctivitis tested by themselves.

When bacterial infection effective drops or an antibiotic ointment, but are sometimes used pills and even injections. To clear the secretions from the eyelids, you should use cloth that has been soaked in boiled water. It is important to observe hygiene and produce all manipulations with eyes (to dig in, wiping) only with clean hands.

Nasal allergy

Allergic rhinitis is an inflammatory reaction of the nasal mucosa allergy. He also is known as hay fever. It is characterized by episodic or chronic disturbances of nasal breathing. Can be of two types:
1. persistent (year-round);
2. intermittent (seasonal).

What are the symptoms of allergic rhinitis
After contact with the allergen reaction occurs almost immediately or can be delayed for a few hours - from 4 to 8 disappears after 7-10 days. Among the symptoms that manifest themselves in a few minutes, are: intense sneezing (in chronic allergies is usually observed in the morning, after waking up); rhinorrhea (runny nose are generally transparent and has a liquid consistency, but may be a yellowish viscous and the presence of nasal or sinus infection); tickling in the throat (as a result of a drip infusion, often accompanied by a cough); itchy eyes and watery eyes (a sign combining with allergic conjunctivitis); itching and tickling in the nose and ear.
By delayed symptoms occurring after a certain period after exposure to the allergen, include: nasal sinuses, and wheezing; allergic crease in the area of ​​the nose (from the constant rubbing and sniff provoked rhinitis); Allergic black eyes (dark circles); pain and discomfort in the face; hearing problems or the pressure in the ears; congestion of the Eustachian tubes (coming from the ears to the throat); sinus problems (dryness and discomfort); persistent coughing; disorder of sense of smell; mouth breathing (due to the constant nasal congestion); unsatisfying sleep; prostration; bad mood and irritability; eye sensitivity to light.

The causes of allergic rhinitis
The cause of allergic rhinitis is direct contact with allergens. Thus during breathing they fall on the mucosa of the nasopharynx and irritate it, causing a variety of disease manifestations. Among the most active allergens include: pollen; animal dander and pets; Bird feathers and down; dust mites and their waste products; mold and fungi of all kinds; cockroaches, as well as traces of their presence; household dust; cereals; sawdust; chemicals.
Allergic rhinitis - is a sharp immune system's response to inhaled irritant potential. She actually comes into confrontation with allergic particles, causing the above symptoms. Most often they appear in individuals in a state of atopy.
As a rule, these people have more than one kind of allergic symptoms, but several. A similar tendency is observed in patients, relatives who were also exposed to similar kinds of allergies. It is usually from: nasal; eyes; ears; pharynx.
When the immune system first encounters allergens, it takes them as alien hazardous substances. Therefore, the body reacts to them rapidly, producing antibodies.
In the subsequent penetration of the antibodies affect allergens, accompanying this release of histamine and other chemicals. Thus there are sneezing, runny nose, watery eyes, itching. This process is called sensitization.
This allergic rhinitis is fraught with negative consequences such as: sinusitis; bronchial asthma; plug in the ear; inflammation of the ear; sleeplessness; irritability; migraine; fatigue.

Diagnosis of allergic rhinitis
The diagnosis is established on the testimony of history and on the basis of the identified symptoms. In the acute form of manifestation appointed special allergy tests. They may be in the form of skin test (the upper layer of the skin a small amount of liquid is applied to the allergen, and then an injection is performed); Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay mark (to determine blood levels of the antibody immunoglobulin E); nasal swab (his fence allows determine the level of eosinophils - white blood cells entering the nasal discharge).

For the treatment of this disease are used: antihistamines that do not cause drowsiness (they are well eliminate the sneezing, itching, runny nose); decongestants (to help get rid of the nasal sinuses); corticosteroid nasal spray (characterized by fast action and helps to avoid the appearance of characteristic symptoms); ipratropium bromide (stop runny nose); cromolyn sodium (opposed not only nasal congestion, runny nose and sneezing, and irritation of the eyes); leukotriene modifier (effective for rhinitis, itching, nasal sinuses, sneezing).

Prevention of allergic rhinitis
To do this, follow a few requirements: avoid contact with the allergen; More frequent wet cleaning and monitor accumulation of mold, hair, dust; Only wash bedding in hot water; coming from the street to wash the nose and eyes; close the windows in the hours of greatest concentration of pollen.

Allergies to animals

allergic to animal allergens intolerance is allocated animals in the environment. It is the body's response to certain stimuli. Accompanied by the development of specific symptoms, which can be severe or mild. It refers to a group of the most common types of allergies.

How does allergic to animals
The list of the main manifestations of the disease include: redness and itching of the skin (in special cases - burning); shortness of breath with suffocation and shortness of breath; dry cough and wheezing (often audible even from a distance); eye irritation with tearing, redness, inflammation and itching; sneezing, liquid discharges from the nose and nasal sinuses; headaches (sometimes accompanied by dizziness); the weakness of the body and loss of attention.
When a complex pattern is observed prolonged exacerbation of asthma, allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis.

Causes of allergies to animals

The sources of allergic reactions are, in fact, all animals - pets, farm and wild. The most common reasons are: the cat; sheeps; Guinea pigs; rabbits; horses; rats; Parrots; hamsters; dogs.
First of all, allergies associated with wool and fur of these animals. However, not only she is allergic component. This list also includes other products of their life: the saliva; excrement; exfoliated skin; horny scales; serum (part of blood); urine.
The most provocative irritability has sebum, urine and epithelium. The most allergenic droppings - parrots and pigeons, urine - cats, dogs and medium-sized laboratory animals, saliva - horses, dogs and cats.
Most of allergen exposure occurs if inhaled together with fumes and dust. Also plays an important role and tactile touch to the products of animal - to wool, skin, urine and saliva. The most severe form of the disease occurs when an allergic reaction to horses and rodents (mice, rats, guinea pigs, hamsters).
The disease is prolonged. Most can reach six months. At the same time suffering from allergies: urticaria, or atopic dermatitis (itching and rashes on the skin); asthma (asthma, breathing problems, wheezing in the chest, dry cough); allergic conjunctivitis (watery eyes, burning and stinging in the eyes, eyelid edema); allergic rhinitis (runny nose, nasal sinuses, itching, sneezing).
The most dangerous consequences include angioedema; eczema; loss of consciousness; swelling of the throat; coma; anaphylactic shock.

Diagnosis of allergy to animals
The diagnosis is based on a number of factors: history, patient complaints, medical examination, special examination.
The latter is a skin test. They also called scarification. Executed with the application of the allergen on the skin highlighted a specially marked place. It is included in the liquid composition.
Most often used for this procedure, the inner surface of the forearm, which mark out the types of samples. Then make a scratch with a sharp object or perform interdermalnoe introduction. If you have a sensitivity to the stimulus, the reaction occurs in the next half hour. It may seem like a slight redness or rash intensely expressed.

The most appropriate treatment - immunotherapy. It allows giposenzibilizirovatsya, reducing sensitivity to allergens animals. During the course of therapy is injected under the skin of a small volume of allergic substances. It promotes the production of antibodies the human immune system and prevents acute reaction to a stimulus.
At the beginning of the treatment dose administered the least 1 time per week. Based on the severity of the disease, this procedure may take up to several months. In the following will be sufficient Allergy 1 the injection every 4 weeks. Immunotherapy allows to permanently get rid of severe symptoms when exposed to potential irritants.
In addition, effectively relieve symptoms: treatments for asthma, conjunctivitis; antihistamines; nasal sprays and aerosols.

Prevention of allergies to animals
With such a type of disease it is crucial. Is a very large list of restrictions and special procedures. Allergy sufferers should: avoid contact with animals and their metabolic products; remove from the house or apartment all potential "collectors' fur, saliva and exfoliated skin - carpets, upholstered furniture; held twice a week, wet cleaning; wash your pet with special shampoos once every seven days (not their own); use of air purifiers; monitor the cleanliness and feeder cells (also not on their own); restrict access to the animals in the bedroom or any other personal space (if it is impossible to avoid contact); disinfect the seat of animal detergents based on chlorine.

Monday, October 5, 2015

How to reduce the harm from smoking

Smoking is bad for your health. And it seems that little is left of people who do not understand it. But sometimes it is simply not possible to give up this bad habit. In such cases, it is possible and necessary to know how to reduce the harm from smoking for our body, following a fairly simple rules.

So, in order:

1. Do not smoke in the empty stomach. In the best case, after a hearty breakfast, at worst, after a cup of tea or coffee with biscuits.

2. Vitamins. Doctors recommend guzzle a course of vitamins for at least 2-3 times per year, most of the smokers and 4-6 (usually made on the course of 1 month). At the present level of pharmaceuticals and as the majority of vitamin complexes (and absolutely no difference import or domestic production), even if you will receive alternate month, month non-admission gipervitaminoz does not threaten you. A need for vitamins in smokers more than non-smokers, especially vitamin C.

3. Ventilate the light, walk in the fresh air (preferably a fast tempo), inhalations (doctors recommend softwood, it reduces the harm from smoking), often ventilate the bedroom.

4. Do not smoke while walking, running, especially in the hill and up the stairs, when the load is light on top. Enjoy smoking in a little more than usual and harm.

5. Do you smoke only one brand of cigarettes (required filter - he has a good delay resin), do not experiment.

6. improves peripheral blood circulation. A cool shower in the morning, preferably before the first cigarette. In the evening, as the shower, rub the hands and feet sponge of medium hardness.

7. If you have gathered to smoke, think about whether it is a desire that you fulfill with pleasure or mechanically move. So you can not only reduce the number of cigarettes a day and reduce the harm from smoking, but also really enjoy the pleasure of smoking.

Just now sold a large number of special filter to retain the bulk of bad pitches (but as you well know, they lead to a risk of lung cancer and other horrors), you can find them in drugstores.

And of course do not forget that someday, still come a time and will have to quit. At least from the savings (and you save on the purchase of cigarettes and the cost of treatment in the future). Be healthy.

Hiccups. Causes and disposal

Hiccups - is a kind of physiological phenomenon, accompanied by characteristic sounds. Unlike other similar events (nausea, cough, and others.) Hiccup does not possess any positive function. While some doctors believe that the hiccup is a kind of protection from suffocation.

It comes from the spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm and involuntary following this abrupt closure of the glottis. From this and hear a distinctive sound: "Eek!".

There hiccups suddenly and usually lasts 5 - 15 minutes and then just as suddenly passes. If it does not go on for several hours or even days, it can speak about any illness or protracted syndrome. The most protracted of the registered syndromes hiccups lasted 6 years.

Hiccups may occur at any age. Very often hiccups in newborns, and is in the fetus during pregnancy (premature babies hiccup 3% of their waking time).

Causes of hiccups

The exact causes of hiccups are still a mystery to doctors. It is known that the process of launching diafragmentalny and vagus nerves. And there are certain circumstances that are closely connected with the beginning of ICANN:

    Very fast eating food (food in the stomach misses some air).
    The excessive amount of food eaten at one time (especially fatty foods).
    A large number of acute and fatty foods, spices, soda, carbonated drinks.
    Large amounts of alcohol (such that its hard to stomach digest).

If you do not pass the hiccups for many hours or even days it can speak any disease such as gastric ulcer, pneumonia, nerve damage, atherosclerosis and cancer.

Hiccups in newborn babies and children

Newborn babies often hiccup and this is due to the fact that in the process of feeding with milk they swallow a lot of air. Worry about it is not necessary if the hiccups quickly. If it bothers you, try to use a breast pump and let the baby spit up.

Ways to get rid of hiccups

Ways to get rid of hiccups in abundance. Therefore, we will not bump into superstition (they are all based on the fact that a hiccup in itself is very fast) and will focus on those who have medical reasons. In order to get rid of hiccups enough to raise the level of carbon dioxide in the blood and / or lower the temperature in the stomach. To do this:

    Put a teaspoon of sugar to the root of the tongue, hold a little and swallow (repeat if necessary). It works in 60% of cases.
    Hold your breath as you exhale to the acute shortage of oxygen (repeated several times).
    Do not breathing, sip a glass of cold water (better with ice).
    You can try to straighten the diaphragm, the maximum bending forward and hands clasped behind his back on the exhale or inhale.

If you notice these symptoms, contact your doctor:

    Hiccups lasts longer than the 1st day.
    Hiccups in the child takes longer than 3-4 hours.
    Baby hiccups with abdominal pain and spitting blood.

Sunday, October 4, 2015

Treatment and remedies for constipation

It should be noted that the lock - is not a disease but a symptom of many gastro-intestinal diseases. It occurs at any age. Despite the fact that today in the diagnosis of constipation are great achievements, treatment is difficult and, above all due modesty patients describe in detail his "problem."

The goal of treatment for constipation is to have a regular patient appeared "soft" chair - every 1 - 2 days.

Treatment and remedies for zaporovV based treatment of constipation is diet therapy. The daily diet should include foods rich in plant fiber: whole-grain bread, fruits, dried fruits, vegetables, and at the same time to drink at least 2 liters of fluid a day (unless there are contraindications - diseases of the cardiovascular system). Meals should be at the same time.

Quite often as a treatment for constipation using cleansing enemas and herbal medicines.

In the treatment of constipation is necessary to abandon the drugs that can cause constipation: oral contraceptives, cancer medications, antacids, diuretics, opiates, and others.

In cases when the above measures are ineffective, should be resorted to medical treatment of constipation.

For the selection and admission of laxatives should be treated very carefully!

Depending on the mechanism of action of all the means of constipation fall into groups:

  • a means of increasing the volume of stool - saline laxatives, bran, flaxseed, seaweed and others.

  • means which increase osmotic pressure (polyols and nonabsorbable salt)

  • laxatives, enhancing peristalsis

  • remedy for constipation, softening stool consistency - liquid paraffin, liquid paraffin or almond.

Do not forget about the active motor mode, which helps prevent and treat constipation.

Hair as an indicator of your health

By the hair most people approach the purely aesthetic. We are concerned about their appearance only because he cared about his image and opinions of others. Well, someone did not care about it, and then they are cut under the "zero" or forget about the existence of shampoos.

Health hairline fact, any adverse change occurring with hair: hair loss, slow growth, split ends, greasiness, dandruff - it's not a random attack, and regularity, an indication that the body is something given failure. And if you do not treat the underlying cause, and to concentrate solely on maintaining the beauty of hair - you can miss an important moment coming disease.

Consider the main alarm "bells" of hair and their possible causes.


Losing hair from the head each day - this is normal. But not more than 100 pieces a day: they still have about 100 000 loss will be imperceptible to grow new ones. But if they have come out in droves begin to noticeably thinning and remain in large quantities on the pillow and hairbrush - Think about the following possible causes.
Hormonal disbalance

Keep in mind that the hormones - it is generally the main managers of hair on all our body. To this moment we shall return later. And now - their impact on hair loss.

Doctors even distinguish between two concepts:

    Male-pattern baldness (androgenetic alopecia). It is very common, is found in both sexes and is dependent on male hormones at the same bald head from the temples to the crown.
    Loss of female type: hair fall out along a strip on the crown, then this strip is becoming wider.

Hormonal type of hair loss often is inherited from mother to daughter, from father to son. Men, of course, this phenomenon is much more common, and the process can begin as early as adolescence, when hormones start to behave "in an adult." While waving the hand and blame all parents should be: first, to try to go to the endocrinologist, and a course of hormone treatment. In some cases, bad heredity manages to cheat.


Some diseases trigger hair loss. Therefore, if you set one of the following diagnoses - are treated as soon as possible, because none of shampoo, even very expensive and out of the shop, will not help.

    Infections of the scalp, for example, ringworm, or different kinds of fungus. Be careful not to use the towels, razors, etc. - Through which infection can easily be passed from an infected person healthy. But if we are not lucky, and you were infected - treated, and then the former density of hair can be restored.
    Alopecia areata, caused by cardiovascular diseases, disorders in the blood, different viruses. This affected the immune system begins to behave inappropriately and literally attack the entire sections of hair on the body: a person can fall out or eyebrows formed baldness. Note to the ladies: if the hair on his legs stopped growing dramatically - not rejoice too soon. Most likely, you should seriously examine your body for any abnormalities.
    Thyroid dysfunction. Here there is a direct relationship with the hormones in the production of which is directed and thyroid. And how are closely interrelated hormones and hair, we have already mentioned above.
    Autoimmune (lupus) or chronic inflammation (lichen planus) skin disease that does not affect the hair directly, but can cause hair loss in most areas of the skin lesions.

Admission drugs

Some drugs have side effects such as hair loss. And this is difficult to do something about: strong chemicals inhibit the natural processes in the body. But they help you to recover from some serious diseases. Most often complain of thinning hair people taking medicines for:

    mental disorders,
    cardiovascular diseases,
    high blood pressure.

Causes of hair loss
Other reasons

    Physical or emotional shock / stress. The fact that people lose their hair because of the strong emotional turmoil, you probably know. And the nature of stress can be very different from rapid weight loss to personal tragedy. Along with thinning hair, can be found a sharp discoloration (graying).
    Syndrome pulling hair. Manias are different. For example, some suffer from trichotillomania: this is when the person pursues an obsessive desire to pull out at his hair: of head, feet, hands, brows - all in different ways. The result, of course, remain the bald areas. Only one solution: to unlearn the habit on their own or refer to a therapist.
    "Hair" reasons. There are often, of course, women. Misuse of funds for hair, effect on the hair with hot hair dryer and tongs, addiction is too tight hairstyles - a direct way to baldness. Keep it simple and natural - is the main guarantee of beauty from head to toe.
    Malnutrition. Awaits hair thinning, if you neglect some important products containing protein, fatty acids (omega-3), iron or calcium. This, for example:

    One or two servings of meat, or three to four servings of beans every day;
    Cereal products and nuts;
    Milk and milk products;

Remember, the hair does not fall out, as is commonly believed, "just old age." Even with age, their number decreases by one of the above reasons, and therefore, in many cases, you have the chance to show off a thick head of hair even to your grandchildren.

Excessive pilosity

Sometimes, excess hair growth over the entire body can be a real problem for both women and men. However, this topic is so vast that we have devoted to it a separate article: Hirsutism and hypertrichosis


PerhotPredstavlyaet are thin flakes of dead skin of the head. Under normal conditions, your skin peels off, too, and you can see these particles even on the healthiest head of hair - but in very small quantities. If they become numerous, they fall on the shoulders or on the contrary, characterized by increased greasiness and stick along the entire length of hair, and the scalp itches and itches - the reasons may be:

    Too dry skin. This dandruff in a human non-sticky, medium-sized. Usually dryness is not limited to a head peeling like you can see on his face, arms, legs. For many people, there is a property of the skin during the cold season, when vitamin deficiency, etc. Often, a simple gentle skin moisturizing agents are enough to get rid of the unpleasant symptoms.
    Rare washing head. If you wash your hair you constantly feel like - do not be surprised that they will have dandruff. Our skin is constantly updated, and old coatings should be washed off with water and shampoo.
    Seborrheic dermatitis - a skin disease, one of the most popular reasons for dandruff. The skin is red, peeled quite large greasy chunks of white-yellowish color. This kind of dermatitis require compulsory treatment. It may manifest itself not only in the head, but also on the chest, under the arms and in the intimate area.
    Scalp Disorders: eczema, psoriasis, pityriasis versicolor, etc. Dandruff - one symptom of these diseases.
    Contact dermatitis - or more simply, allergy to perfumes and cosmetics. It may be from anything, especially if you are prone to allergic reactions. In this case, you must change the shampoo (paint, hairspray, etc.) And replace it with something more gentle.

You also are at risk of dandruff in the following cases:

    Do you have oily skin
    You are a man of middle age
    You do not eat, and your diet is lacking in vitamin B and zinc
    You put one of the following diagnoses: Parkinson's disease, HIV, chronic stress, heart / minor heart attack, disturbances in the immune system

Thus, dandruff - is not just an aesthetic disadvantage. Even if you do not care about skin flakes on your shoulders and unpleasant to touch hair - take care least about the health of the whole organism and find out the internal cause of this symptom.

Pimples and ingrown hairs

FollikulitOtdelnoe place in the list of trouble with the hair takes folliculitis. This disease, which manifests itself in the form of inflammation and suppuration of the skin around the hair follicles (follicles). The most frequent place of distribution: Region mustache and beard (males), legs (for women), groin, armpits, buttocks.

The reasons for folliculitis may include:

    frequent shaving;
    wearing stuffy clothes;
    skin disorders: eczema, acne, dermatitis;
    a weakened immune system.

Ingrown hairs - another trouble occurs mainly in place of shaving and hair removal. Disturbed hair, especially if it is attempted to remove the dry (no emollients) changes the direction of growth and begins to penetrate deep into the skin, causing irritation, itching, and unsightly bumps on the skin. To avoid this, try to use only sharp shaving blade and soften the hair as much as possible before the removal procedure.

Split ends

The fact that people are usually referred to as "split ends" in medicine has its official name - trihoptiloz. And you guessed it, the main thing - do not look for ways to remove the ugly forked hair, and install and eliminate the cause of this unpleasant phenomenon. Such could be:

    excessive use of decorative accessories for hair styling (tongs, hair dryers, irons);
    misuse of chemicals: colors, masks, gels, paints and other cosmetics for the hair;
    adverse weather conditions: burning hair in the sun, strong winds;
    improper technique of combing;
    wash the head bad water;
    the use of low-quality combs;
    various skin (seborrhea, atopic dermatitis), and internal medicine.

Sometimes, you might think that hair is given to a person only for beauty: their protective function, inherited from our ancestors, have long been erased. But with the help of our body hair, we have learned to apply elementary distress. It is only necessary to learn how to recognize them - and then to identify the dangerous disease will be much easier.

Prevention of stroke

Just how dangerous a stroke, perhaps, know all. Acute circulatory disorders of the brain in a matter of seconds can deprive a person's health and even life, bedridden, turn into a invalid. And so it is not surprising that the question of how to prevent this trouble, does not cease to be relevant. In recent years, it has ceased to be the scourge of stroke only the older generation, and increasingly affects young and even younger, so this article applies to everyone.

Who needs a stroke prevention?

For almost every disease can be isolated so-called "risk groups" - groups of people who, ceteris paribus faster than others become victims of this disease. There are some risk and stroke.

First of all at risk include people suffering from persistent high blood pressure. Hypertension causes around 80% of strokes. Therefore, the issues relating to the prevention of stroke, especially people suffering from persistent high blood pressure above 140 / 90mm Hg

A common cause is stroke and atherosclerosis - the process of deposition of cholesterol in the walls of blood vessels to form plaques, gradually overlapping a vessel lumen. Atherosclerosis often manifest coronary heart disease and angina, but the disease is systemic, it is not limited to vessels of any one region. Therefore, people suffering from angina, also need to give full attention to the prevention of stroke.

The risk of stroke is also associated with a hereditary factor. If someone from your close relatives had died of a heart attack or stroke at a relatively young - 60 years old - the age, you should be given stroke prevention the highest priority. Panicking is not worth it: not passed inherited disease itself, but rather predisposition. And if you look after your health, the risk of stroke may be even lower than that of people who have no family history.

Diabetes causes damage to blood vessels and circulatory disorders in different organs - is no exception and brain. Therefore, patients with diabetes are also at risk for stroke.

Doctors do not tire of repeating how dangerous to the health of bad habits. Smoking and excess alcohol consumption in - a straight road to a stroke.

Watch pressure

If you suffer from hypertension, type in the habit of measuring blood pressure. Ideally - every day, but even if you do it at least once a week - it will be good. Modern electronic blood pressure monitors measure the pressure accurately and independently, without assistance.

The measurement results are recorded in the diary - so you'll know how effective drugs for hypertension, if you accept them, and what factors trigger ups pressure.

By the way, do such a measure is necessary even if you feel fine and you yourself did not bother. Medical Practice shows that the body can gradually adapt hypertensive to high blood pressure. And dangerous to the health of his figures often do not appear - no headache or sleep disturbances. Therefore, if your level of pressure above 140/90 mm Hg - You urgently need to visit a doctor who will prescribe antihypertensive therapy, or will make adjustments to the previous, ineffective treatment.

Eat right

Proper food - one of the cornerstones of an effective prevention of stroke. Doctors even developed a special diet for the prevention of stroke. Her main points - the use of salt in an amount of not more than 5 g per day, and animal and vegetable hydrogenated fats (which include margarine and creamy-vegetable mixture) no more than 20-25g per day.

In addition, people at risk for stroke, it is necessary to abandon pickles and smoked, as well as limit the amount of butter, eggs and meat in their diet.
If you suffer from overweight (and often high blood pressure is associated with it), you need to reduce the calorie content of the daily menu of 15-20%.

We are conducting a healthy lifestyle

Doctors have long noticed a pattern: high blood pressure and physical inactivity (immobility, too low physical activity) are generally satellites. That is why effective stroke prevention includes the exercise. This "charge" should last at least half an hour, and it must be done at least five times a week. In protivoinsultny complex includes primarily the so-called aerobic exercise - those that increase the body's supply of oxygen. These include swimming, walking, jogging, cycling, skiing - you can choose the way of physical activity, which is more to your liking. It is only important when planning an exercise program, consult with your doctor beforehand. In addition, as the prevention of stroke is not suitable power exercises: press rods and other "iron" into individual gives naruzki limited group of muscles, which may provoke a rise in blood pressure.

Bad habits - fight!

Smoker risk of becoming a victim of stroke is two times more than a non-smoker, and it does not point the anti-smoking propaganda and scientific fact vindicated. There is only one "but": the elderly smokers with the experience necessary to leave the ruinous habit gradually and necessarily - under the supervision of a doctor who will gently and without problems to get rid of nicotine addiction.

Alcohol - is a separate issue. It is widely believed that moderate doses of alcohol contribute to the expansion of blood vessels and prevent blood clots in them. This is true, but in the process of disintegration of alcohol appear foods that trigger high blood pressure. Therefore, people at risk, it is advisable to opt out of alcohol. Exceptions may be made only for a dry red wine - certainly quality, and not more than 50 ml per day