Saturday, November 7, 2015

Allergies at home

Allergies at home - this is direct evidence that the allergen can not hide anywhere. Sometimes in terms of individual housing them even more than outside the home. Hypersensitivity may occur to all:

- Mold;

- Household chemicals;

- Latex;

- House dust;

- Food;

- Insect bites;

- Animals.

How does an allergy at home

Allergy to house conditions shown depending on the component, which triggered it. At the same time, these symptoms have a lot in common, as is the same effect on all organs and systems. The response of the organism can occur in two forms: heavy and light.

Among the main manifestations of mild symptoms:

    single rashes on the body;
    itching or burning;
    nasal sinuses;
    redness of the eye;
    frequent sneezing;
    shortness of breath;
    swelling of the eyelids;
    liquid discharge from the nose;
    watery eyes;
    pain in the eyes;
    heavy breathing;
    dry non-productive cough.

For more severe manifestations include:

    inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose and eyes;
    swelling of the larynx, mouth, neck, ears, hair body parts, scrotum, palms, feet, esophagus, pharynx;
    spasmodic and paroxysmal cough;
    wheezing, audible even from a distance;
    abdominal cramps;
    loss of consciousness;
    blurred vision and so on.

What causes allergies at home

Home allergenic Wednesday differs by the presence of a whole range of potential irritants. Its members may include:

    Animals (allergenic elements - saliva, urine, exfoliated skin, fur, feathers, feces, serum, horny scales);
    Dust (allergenic elements - dander, mites, hair, fur, skin particles, upholstery and insects);
    mold and mildew (places where allergens - neprochischennye filters of air conditioners and vacuum cleaners, dishwashers, trash cans, wallpaper, earth pot plants, tub, toilet);
    household chemicals (allergenic products - washing powders, detergents);
    insects (allergenic elements - all of their waste products, as well as venom injected with the bite);
    Food (allergenic elements - some drinks, foods and dishes made from them);
    latex (allergenic elements - cleaning gloves and condoms).

In any type of allergy for complex diseases. But it has some differences:

    not due to seasonality;
    often characterized by symptoms lubricated, which makes it impossible to establish an allergic reaction and to distinguish this disease from the flu, colds, diseases of the joints;
    It occurs more than one month (often - up to several years);
    It is constant (of course, to eliminate the source of allergens).

If you are allergic to dust brunt falls on the respiratory system, eyes, nose and mouth. Complications include allergic conjunctivitis, allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, asthma, bronchitis.

If you are allergic to animals most affected skin, digestive tract and respiratory system. Among the most serious consequences observed: angioedema, covering the throat, mouth, ears and head, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, asthma, eczema, coma.

If you are allergic to insect pass put lymphatic, nervous, circulatory, food system and skin. In allergic complications may occur in the form of asphyxiation, loss of consciousness, fall of blood pressure, heart failure, lung spasm, swelling of the throat, larynx, palate, tongue, neck.

With food allergies affected the entire gastrointestinal tract, from the esophagus and ending of the rectum. As well as the circulatory system and skin. Complications include extensive angioedema, asthma, loss of consciousness, liver disease, kidney, pancreas.

If you are allergic to household chemicals mainly affects the skin, nose, throat and eyes. Among the complications - atopic dermatitis, urticaria, rhinitis and conjunctivitis.

Diagnosis of allergy at home

In any case, the diagnosis is a doctor specialized in the medical facility. If you want to determine the type of allergen skin test is assigned to the alternate introduction of stimuli. The reaction is shown in the first half hour and can be from a small reddening to urticaria.

Preventing allergies at home

Prevention - a basic element of the prevention of allergies in the home. From the impeccable cleanliness and order depends on the degree of manifestation of the disease. And also - the intensity of the "defensive" reactions. To avoid the house need of allergy:

    Do not use carpets, heavy drapes, curtains and tapestries;
    limit the presence of upholstered furniture;
    not to hoard soft toys;
    not to have pets;
    monitor the cleanliness and conduct weekly wet cleaning;
    avoid contact with allergens;
    use an air purifier.

Kiss type allergy

redness of the lesion fever, nausea, vomiting, weakness weakness low blood pressure, swelling of urticaria angioedema

This type of allergy is a reaction to a bite or removing the insects on which there is intolerance. In medicine it is also found another term - insect allergens. It can occur as a result of all kinds of contact with insects - from touching to the inhalation of their metabolic products.

How are allergic to insect stings
It is able to manifest itself in two forms: moderate; acute.
Moderate reactions to insect stings cause one or more of these symptoms: itching; raising the local temperature; swelling; skin rash; redness at the site of the bite; soreness.
Acute reaction has different manifestations. Among them: a drop in blood pressure; dizziness; tachycardia (rapid pulse); anxiety and restlessness; swelling of the mouth, throat, or face; urticaria (itchy red rash that extends beyond the sting site); heavy breathing.
Also, there may be a delayed reaction that occurs after 6-12 hours after the bite of an insect. And sometimes - and up to 2 weeks. It manifests itself in the form of shallow breathing; heart palpitations; weakness; enlarged lymph nodes; painful joints; rash on the body; headache; malaise.

Causes of allergies to insect stings

The basic reason is genetic predisposition to this type of allergy. The appearance of sensitivity and its activation caused by a number of external and internal factors, such as: poor environment; the presence of certain diseases; eating disorders (carcinogens, flavorings, colorings and chemical additives in food).
Allergy provoke bites of various insects: wasps; hornets; bees; bumble bees; red ant; harvester ants; mosquitoes; mosquitoes; midges; horseflies.

After a bite allergy often manifests itself immediately, within the first minute. Rarely - a few hours later. If there is an intolerance to insect venom, the reaction of the organism to be stormy. The local signs as redness, slight swelling and itching join the common symptoms. This - a consequence of the immune system to fight foreign substances (allergens). Thus is prevents the penetration of poison in the blood.
Bites give rise to edema, erythema and rash polymorph. It is one of several forms: necrotic; hemorrhagic; urtikalnoy; papular.

Also rozhistopodobnye appear as erythema reaction without temperature increase and regional lymph nodes. There is, and the general reaction of the organism in the form of low blood pressure; difficulty breathing; shortness of breath; a weak but rapid pulse; increasing the temperature of the body; weakness; hives; swelling.

If this condition is not affected to provide timely medical care, the consequences are extremely serious: angioedema; spasm of the lungs; cardiac arrest; loss of consciousness; swelling of the throat; anaphylactic shock; death.

Diagnosis of allergy to insect stings
Diagnosis is based on history and examination received the bite. The problem is often facilitated by the fact that the defeat he saw what he was bitten by an insect. If not - confirmed the allergen skin test.
For this purpose markup portion of the body (most often - the inner area of ​​the forearm) are alternately applied to the liquid to the allergen and make a shot or a scratch. In the presence of the poison of intolerance reaction manifests itself in the next 30 minutes.

The bite is injected with epinephrine (adrenaline). It contributes to non-proliferation of poison throughout the body. This drug is opposed to the development of allergy in an acute form. Further intramuscularly give prednisolone which antagonises histamine. At the Bite applied an ice pack. In some cases, make drip and treat with oxygen.

In mild allergy medication used with a local calming effect. It can be any of ointments, sprays or panthenol fenistil gel. Once the process is stopped, start immunotherapy using specific allergens.
Prevention of allergies to insect stings

The most effective prevention - avoiding the source of allergy. That is to look out for insects. In the event that confirmation has medical pathology and contact can not be avoided by resorting to preventive therapy antihistamines. In addition, allergies should always carry a "protivoshokovym first aid kit" with prednisolone, adrenaline and syringes.