Tuesday, March 3, 2015

Spasm of the neck

Spasm - this compression: vessels, nerve bundles, and behind them - the muscle tissue.
Primarily affected nerve tissue is disturbed regulation of vascular tone. Blood stagnates in the veins stand out oxidized metabolites. In response to their appearance there is a further vasospasm, in order to limit the focus of inflammation. Transmission of nerve impulses to the muscle tissue is broken, so there is a spasm of the neck, which is manifested by a sharp pain. At first, such as lumbago. It occurs after physical exertion, usually at the end of the day or on the second day. The attack triggered by cooling - heat receptors are activated. She lowered due to what is happening locally spasm of the neck vessels, and then there is a strong involuntary muscle contraction, which does not allow to turn his head.

 Causes of neck spasm

 Pathology is seasonal in nature, appearing in the spring, when the "weather is deceptive." Sunlight in intensity similar to the summer heat, but evaporation from the frozen ground during the winter provoke cold wind. Quite a few times appear in the yard without warm clothes to get a spasm of the neck the next day. Therefore, the disease was the popular name: spasm of the neck cottage that has plagued almost all the people who open the holiday season. Physical activity in the open space leads to local hypothermia, which provokes a spasm of the neck vessels, for which necessarily follow convulsions. Of course, it has nothing to do with organic brain damage. However, spasm of the neck can lead to restriction of disability and the development of neurosis. In addition to local cooling, to a spasm of the neck muscles and blood vessels cause the following factors: a sharp, uncomfortable movement. The additional load on the spine in the cervical vertebrae leads to a sharp filled with blood, which provokes a spasm of blood vessels and muscles of the neck, accompanied by intense pain sensations; Lack of sodium in the blood. The electrolyte is lost in the general dehydration or is triggered by receiving diuretics. With the reduction of sodium performs a major role, providing the resting potential of muscle cells. When the electrolyte is absent, there is a spasm of the neck muscles, for their relaxation is not enough material substrate; Beriberi. Vitamins B and D, providing muscle contraction and innervation, contribute to the development spazmofilii. Spasm of the neck muscles in such cases is the initial stage of the disease. Hypothermia, the presence of the cervical intervertebral hernia, as well as an unhealthy diet, combined with the spring vitamin deficiency contribute to the development of country spasm of the neck, which is seasonal in nature. At other times, the incidence is sharply reduced for obvious reasons: people dress for the season, do not suffer from vitamin deficiency, have time for examination by a neurologist for a cervical intervertebral hernia and other manifestations of osteochondrosis.

 Symptoms of neck spasm

More than half of the neck spasm occurs after injury. Less commonly, it is provoked by the appearance of accumulated fatigue. When inflammation of muscle called myositis usually pain occurs on one side, and extends along the side surface of the neck to the shoulder belt while gripping the occipital region. Painful "backache" neck spasm symptoms are felt in the arm to the fingertips. Myositis is always accompanied by numbness of the skin. Symptoms of neck spasms are accompanied by disturbances of all functions of muscular sensations and exhibits the following: difficulty swallowing; Change in diction; Violation of the process of breathing, with difficulty due to the expiration of pain; Limitation of motion of the head. As a rule, a spasm of the neck accompanied by severe headache, starting with the occipital region. In this blood pressure remained unchanged.

How to remove the neck spasms

In the acute period is not recommended sessions of physical therapy, but recently formed entity within neuroscience, which states that exercise can and should bring relief. Proponents of active treatment know how to relieve spasms of the neck with the help of spinal traction. There are special exercises aimed at strengthening the blood supply to the muscles. Receptacles opened and passed get delayed metabolites, which fall into the general circulation and detoxified by the liver. Thus, there is the elimination of the causes of myositis. Since relieve spasms of the neck can only stop trigger disease, the adherents of active treatment are a lot of supporters.
However, exercise can lead to tears fibers swollen muscles, which further aggravate the disease. In the classic version, all physical therapy and physiotherapy conducted after removal of spasm of the neck, which is produced by the following methods: novocaine blockade - relieves pain almost instantly, producing a doctor; Acupuncture to active points - makes only a specialist in IRT, who knows exactly how to relieve spasms of the neck without dangerous consequences; Manual therapy - effective for confirmation of the diagnosis: "herniated intervertebral discs"; Postisometric relaxation - the technique of nonviolent stretching muscles, followed by relaxation; Laser and cryotherapy - methods certainly effective for removal of spasm of the neck, but not all are available; Drug treatment means from the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on a doctor's appointment; Local treatment - ointments, traditional medicines. The need to eliminate vitamin deficiency and lack of electrolytes. Selected a special diet, it is recommended intake of multivitamins

Spasms in the throat

Spastic reduction of pharyngeal muscles known popularly as spasms in the throat, which are likely not to vascular disease, and to a violation of the innervation of the pharynx. Pharyngeal ring form two branches of the autonomic nervous system: sympathetic - the nerve processes of the cervical ganglia of the trunk of the spinal cord; Parasympathetic - the second pair of the trigeminal nerve (maxillary), glossopharyngeal nerve and the upper branch of the vagus nerve. Parasympathetic nerves are involved in ensuring sensitivity and locomotor activity, whereas the trunk of the sympathetic nervous branches of the "responsible" for the general reactions. Nervous innervation provides vascular tone, which affects cell nutrition pharyngeal ring - is, in essence, is the main function of the nervous system. Parasympathetic branch aims to provide nutrients, and the sympathetic nervous system causes the mobilization of energy reserves for emergency action. This kind of power from the two policies: positive and negative. At the "short-circuit" appear spasms in the throat, for which adequate food and adequate breathing becomes impossible. Spasms in the throat, causes most dangerous condition occurs when in contact with cold (below 20 ° C) water, this so-called "dry drowning". Upper respiratory tract, in contact with liquid in them, accompanied by strong transcendent irritation trunk of the sympathetic system. As a result, lightning reaction verhnegortannogo nerve that leads to spasm of the vocal cords. It is a defensive reaction aimed at preventing the ingress of water into the airways. When the vocal cords are tightly closed, practically "tightly", there is a reflex cardiac arrest. Such a state will lead to death. A person dies without having to "drown". In general, there is less dangerous spasms in the throat, which can be a cause various diseases and pathological conditions with organic nature: Abscess of the tonsils pharyngeal ring Pirogov-Valdeera as acute purulent inflammation is accompanied by violent impulses nerve pathways, thus creating discomfort in the throat, accompanied by acute pain; Lockjaw masticatory muscles. Their innervation is also provided by the trigeminal nerve, so when inflammation (neuritis) occurs not only twitching pharyngeal ring, but the jaws. Spasm in the throat accompanied by a strong reduction in the oral cavity; The defeat of the glossopharyngeal nerve leads to choke saliva not only, but also by air due to irritation of the epiglottis. Such conditions when developing spasms in the throat, accompanied by a cough and noted in lesions of the central nervous system: dimelieniziruyuschie disease, residual symptoms after stroke; Diseases of the endocrine system. Mechanical cause spasm in the throat when swallowing is the pressure on the larynx enlarged thyroid gland. And with adrenal tumors (pheochromocytoma) comes increased production of adrenaline, which prevents the formation of saliva. In such cases, the spasms in the throat when swallowing due to "dry throat," that is, an active stimulation of the nerve endings of food, liquid; Gastrointestinal disease accompanied reflux esophagitis (reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus). Esophageal mucosa unadapted to the action of hydrochloric acid, so if there is a spasm of irritation in the throat, which is a protective reaction. In addition to the reasons caused by the defeat of muscle, nerve, vascular cells, there are functional factors that may cause spasms in the throat, which are impermanent nature, but not always, they can go without the active medical intervention. The simplest example of functional pathology is getting a foreign body in the throat. Fish bone irritates undamaged nerve fibers, causing a reduction in the pharyngeal muscles, which increases with swallowing. Or, conversely, after swallowing a solid lump of food or pills a person has a sense of long-term spasm in the throat, as if swallowed by the subject for a long time "does not sink and is in the throat." Water consumption is not always helps to relieve the feeling of a lump in the throat. Such a condition is associated with a small amount of saliva in swallowing, thus, there is stimulation of receptors pharyngeal ring. In some cases, the "lump falls" only a few hours later.
Nervous spasms in the throat
Of course, every twitching pharynx accompanied by irritation of the peripheral nervous system, but such a definition as a nervous spasm in the throat, characterizes only the stress response. The parasympathetic nervous system is under stress is suppressed, so the saliva is released little throat "dry." The most striking manifestation of this spasm in the throat is a "hysterical lump." In persons who are prone to hysterical reactions, during an attack from somewhere inside the body to her throat as if rolls spherical valve, stopping not only the esophagus, but the respiratory tract. Diagnosis hysterical fit is not difficult: it always occurs in the presence of people and triggered traumatic situation. When there are spasms in the throat, treatment is carried out by specialists, depending on the causes of this condition. Violation of innervation in the competence of a neurologist. When hormonal pathology need help endocrinologist. Diseases of the digestive system treats a gastroenterologist. Hysterical manifestations run by a psychiatrist.

Spring fatigue

Statistics disappointing: Problems with the thyroid gland in women occur much more frequently than men.
Blame hormonal fluctuations, constantly occurring in the female body (critical days, pregnancy or its termination, menopause). These hormonal "swing" can affect the thyroid gland, which produces vital hormones.
Women have a more subtle spiritual organization, so beat it stresses more on the female thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is an organ of first responders under any load on the body, including emotional. And women are always experiencing a deep and long.
Women tend to follow the figure, so often impoverish your diet. A thyroid gland to complete the work necessary vitamins and minerals.Changes in the thyroid gland are often found in the spring. During this period, we come to "summer time": our metabolism and hormone levels are adapted to higher temperatures, increased solar activity, changing diet. At the time of this restructuring, the ratio of hormones and enzymes in the body out of balance. Therefore, the thyroid gland to work in extreme conditions.
Unfortunately, the signs of disturbances in the thyroid gland are quite diverse and also mimic those of many other diseases.
This gland can not produce enough hormone (hypothyroidism), whereby the body is deprived of vital energy. With a lack of thyroid hormone person becomes sluggish, sleepy, apathetic, metabolism slows down, there is a set of weights.
There may also be overly active work of the thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism), causing the body works hard. If elevated thyroid hormones, a person feels anxiety, sudden weight loss, suffering from insomnia, palpitations.
Changes in the thyroid gland is not the best way reflected on the exterior. Dry, dull skin or unhealthy redness on the face, circles under the eyes, hair, lost volume and shine, a layer of nails is often concerned more women than general changes being. Solving problems with the thyroid gland helps visibly rejuvenate, improve complexion and skin condition, stop hair loss, brittle nails to get rid of.