Saturday, March 14, 2015


General Information
Warts that appear on the feet, called plantar or horny. Plantar warts often disappear on their own, but sometimes it can remain in place for several years, or occasionally disappear and reappear.
Causes of warts
Infection of the skin by the human papillomavirus. The virus replicates particularly active in wet areas (eg, public baths, showers, locker rooms, etc.)Symptoms
Warts look like rough convex nodules on the skin, which may be either single or in the form of clusters. Plantar warts are usually flat and tight due to strong pressure.
It is recommended to consult a doctor if plantar wart causes pain, discomfort and interfere with walking, you need to see a doctor.

Distribution warts other areas of the body.

What you can do
Do not cut or tear off a wart, as it will likely only exacerbate the spread of the virus and the wart will appear at this place again. Should consult a doctor before taking money from warts for topical application. Be sure to consult a doctor if the wart began to hurt and cause discomfort.

What can a doctor
A doctor may remove the wart with cryosurgery (using liquid nitrogen), cauterization acid electricity or a laser.

Preventive measures
Avoid direct contact with a person suffering from warts. Never wear someone else's shoes, socks, etc., especially people with plantar warts.Do not go barefoot in public shower, bath, dressing room, in the pool.

Hair loss

Hair loss can be caused by various diseases, hormonal imbalances, head injury or damage to the scalp, stress or taking certain medications. Often hairs start to grow again in addressing the causes of loss. Alopecia (alopecia) baldness (alopecia) - a disease in which the lost hair in place remain smooth round spots.
General Information
Each person loses 50 to 100 hairs every day. Hair Color lives of 3 to 7 years. 90% of the hair on the head is actively growing, the remaining 10% are at rest. This phase lasts from 2 to 6 months, after which the hair falls out. Typically, with age the hair is getting thinner, but sometimes on the spot lost hair will not grow new ones. This process can begin in early adulthood. Hair loss can be caused by various diseases, hormonal imbalances, head injury or damage to the scalp, stress or taking certain medications. Often hairs start to grow again in addressing the causes of loss.
Alopecia (alopecia) baldness (alopecia) is a disease in which the lost hair in place remain smooth round spots. In this case, the scalp looks normal (no dandruff, scars and ulcers).

Causes of hair loss
- The aging process;- Heredity (bald men and women in the family);- Hormonal imbalance (for example, in women after childbirth or during menopause);- Damage to the hair (coloring, drying, perming);- A head injury;- Damage to the scalp;- Bacterial and fungal infections, autoimmune diseases;- Some medications can cause a reversible hair loss (pressure medications, anticoagulants, antidepressants, funds from arthritis and gout). Radiation and chemotherapy for cancer in 90% of patients causes hair loss.- Birth control pills can also cause more intense hair loss during the reception.- Stress: physical, emotional and neuropsychiatric.
Other causes of alopecia include:
- Thyroid disease;- Infection, surgery, high fever;- Systemic lupus erythematosus;- Fungal infection (tinea, ringworm);- An unhealthy diet;- Wrong hairstyles (tight braids and tails).Symptoms
Partial male pattern baldness:
- A line of hair growth gradually shifted toward the neck, the hair falls out first at the temples, and then on top.
Complete baldness:- Hair thinning and falling out over the entire surface of the scalp.
Local baldness:- The hair falls out only in some areas;- Thinning hair.
In some cases, hair loss is observed within 3 months after childbirth, surgery or serious illness. It is recommended to consult a doctor for hair loss, which may be due to medication, or if hair loss is accompanied by pain, inflammation and sensitivity of the scalp, the appearance of flakes, scabs, sores, or pus on the scalp, as well as the loss of eyebrows and eyelashes hair loss or other regions of the body.

What you can do
If hair loss is due to heredity or aging, prevent or reverse its almost impossible. Takes care of hair (use balm, conditioner, comb with a few teeth as rarely as possible painted or dry hair dryer, avoid perm).
Do not pull your hair, do not pull in the hair (braids, tails, beams).
Although there is no tool that is guaranteed to stop hair loss, you can try minoxidil OTC drug that helps patients recover about a third of the hair. However, discontinuation of the drug can cause loss of hair regrown.
Use wigs, hairpieces, and so if you are experiencing because of their appearance.Consult your doctor if you suspect that hair loss is associated with serious disorders in the body.

What can a doctor
The physician should rule out serious causes of hair loss. Appropriate treatment of the disease, which led to the loss of hair. Prescription medications that stimulate hair growth (Finasteride should not be prescribed to women).
In the case of permanent hair loss doctor may recommend hair transplants or hair weaving and nylon yarn in your own hair.
Alopecia areata often resolves on its own. If this does not happen, the doctor may prescribe steroid injections into the scalp or prescribe lotion containing steroids.

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis - a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin of an allergic nature, the main symptom is severe itching.

 Predisposition to diffuse neurodermatitis and other atopic diseases (bronchial asthma, pollinosis, allergic rhinitis) genetically transmitted. Therefore, usually the person who puts such a diagnosis, there must exist relative to one of these diseases. In most patients, the disease begins before the age of 12 years. In adulthood, atopic dermatitis manifests very rare.
Without treatment, the disease occurs over the years, with periodic remissions and exacerbations and causes a lot of anxiety to the patient.
The cause of allergic reactions in the skin of atopic dermatitis is hyperreactivity organism in response to the interaction of various substances. These substances are for the body of the patient allergens. As an allergen can act pollen, house dust, animal dander, different foods, household chemicals and other. There are air, food contact and way of penetration of the allergen into the body.
Symptoms of atopic dermatitis
For atopic dermatitaharakterno relapsing course with periods of exacerbations that occur with repeated interaction with the allergen (eg, in the use of certain products in food or in contact with animals). On the frequency of exacerbations is also influenced by the season of the year (exacerbation occurred more frequently in autumn and winter), emotional stress and other factors.The main symptom is dry and itchy skin. Exacerbations are accompanied by widespread swelling and redness of the skin, the appearance of red spots with vague boundaries plaques. As a result of scratching the skin appear erosion, accompanied by weeping. In the case of importation into the skin infection in places lesions appear pustules. Favourite localization of atopic dermatitis are the flexor surface of the joints, front and side of the neck, forehead, temples, wrists, dorsum of the hands and feet.

Diagnosis of atopic dermatitis
The diagnosis of atopic dermatitis puts allergist based on the clinical picture and the questioning of the patient. In some cases, the patient is prescribed at the analysis level of immunoglobulin E (IgE) in serum. Elevated levels of this immunoglobulin says the propensity of the body to allergic reactions.To identify the specific allergen, causing exacerbation spend skin allergy tests. During this study, the patient's skin in various area of ​​the forearm is applied in small doses of allergens. With a positive reaction to the place of introduction of allergen develops redness or blister.

What you can do
Human skin with atopic dermatitis "is always ready to" respond to the next contact allergic reaction. To prevent deterioration, avoid contact with allergens known. Therefore, in the treatment of atopic dermatitis occupies an important place designated diet compliance and maintaining cleanliness of the house. In addition, it should be remembered that the constant scratching the skin only enhances allergic reaction and promotes adherence infection.Avoid dry skin: Take a bath, use soap and water as little as possible, regularly lubricate the skin moisturizing lotion. Avoid wearing synthetic and woolen clothes on the naked body (these materials increase the itch). You'd better fit loose cotton clothing and underwear.

What will the doctor
The basis of the therapy of atopic dermatitasostavlyayut allergy medications. Depending on the severity of these may be an ointment for external application containing antihistamines or glucocorticosteroids or oral antihistamines.In recent years, for the treatment of atopic dermatitatakzhe applied allergen-specific immunotherapy (SIT). This method of treatment comprises administering to a subject of increasing doses of allergen extract to which the patient revealed hypersensitivity. As a result of this treatment is a gradual increase in the body's resistance to exposure to the allergen.