Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Myocardial (Symptoms and treatment of heart attack)

Heart attack (myocardial infarction) - Acute severe heart disease resulting from insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle. Symptoms of a heart attack - a consequence of the formation of necrosis (necrosis) in the heart.

The main cause of a heart attack is atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries. Myocardial infarction may occur against the background of an increased angina attacks, causing mental and physical stress.

The disease begins with acute protracted stenokardicheskie attacks, not cropped drugs. Symptoms of a heart attack may last from 30 minutes to several days: there is a pain in the left side of the chest and behind the sternum, radiating to the neck, left shoulder or arm. Growing shortness of breath, a feeling of lack of air, the skin covered by a sticky cold sweat, pale. Can increase the body temperature. The period ends with the formation of podsotrom infarct, clinical manifestations of heart failure still exist, but in a less marked degree. In postinfarction period (6 months after the attack) in the zone of myocardial scar is fully formed, blood pressure and pulse in the normal range.

At the first sign of heart attack and heart attack, seek medical help.

Treatment in most cases is carried out in the intensive care unit. Use: preparations, dissolving thrombus, beta-blockers, anticoagulants.