Thursday, July 9, 2015

Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease. Included in the group of systemic inflammation of connective tissues. It affects the small joints of the type of progressive destructive and erosive polyarthritis.

How does rheumatoid arthritis

The disease manifests itself mirrored. That is, if a joint hurts on the left hand, so sore and right. But first there is the general symptoms that can last for years. Articular lesions may come back to haunt after 1-2 years after the onset of initial symptoms.

Among the initial symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are marked:

  •     weakness;
  •     inflammation of the salivary glands;
  •     a slight increase in body temperature;
  •     loss of appetite;
  •     fatigue;
  •     depression;
  •     burning, tingling or numbness in the hands and feet;
  •     sweaty / cold hands, feet;
  •     lack of production of saliva and tears (dysfunction of the lacrimal glands, saliva);
  •     muscle aches;
  •     pain from prolonged sitting;
  •     symptoms similar to influenza;
  •     pleurisy (pain in the chest when breathing);
  •     itching and burning in the eyes;
  •     nodules under the skin.

Further, the disease is actively involves the joints, and you experience the following symptoms:

  •     morning stiffness (the hot and painful joints);
  •     swelling and soft (spongy joints);
  •     stiffness;
  •     symmetrical pain;
  •     pain on palpation;
  •     restriction of movement.

The causes of rheumatoid arthritis

What causes this disease is not clear. However, it found that there are three factors which play an important role in triggering of rheumatoid arthritis. These include:

1. genetic predisposition (genetic susceptibility to autoimmune reactions of nature);

2. The presence of certain infections (viruses syncytium-respiratory infections, Epstein-Barr virus, measles, mumps, hepatitis B, herpes zoster, herpes);

3. internal and external negative effects (giperinsolyatsiya, hypothermia, stress, endocrinopathies, mutagenic drug intoxication and so on.).