Wednesday, November 11, 2015

Bronchial asthma

shortness of breath, wheezing in the chest, labored breathing, palpitations, cough

Asthma is a chronic allergic respiratory disease. It is a response to allergen exposure on the background of emotional experiences, stress, physical exertion or cold. Characterized impede the normal flow of air in the bronchi and lungs. Often begins in childhood.

How does asthma

It is able to manifest itself in varying degrees of exacerbations in moderate and severe forms. Usually, asthma is accompanied by:

    difficulty breathing;
    a feeling of tightness in the chest;
    attacks of breathlessness;
    cough (dry and unproductive, especially at night);
    breathing with wheezing (it can be heard even at a distance);
    shortness of breath;
    Syndrome lack of air;
    rapid breathing;
    difficulty exhaling;
    swelling of the chest;
    the problematic question.

What causes asthma

There are non-infectious, allergic and infectious-allergic forms of the disease.

Non-infectious-allergic asthma is caused by a variety of organic and inorganic allergens. The list includes:

    street and house dust, including mites, pollen;
    chemicals (salts of heavy metals, cyanamides, pesticides, formalin);
    drugs (aspirin, vitamin B1, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, penicillins and other antibiotics);
    foods (strawberries, strawberries, citrus fruits, bananas);
    animal waste products (wool, dander, urine);
    external stimuli (in the form of exhaust gases, smoke, perfume sprays);
    stress (fear, anxiety);
    sporting (intensity, in cold conditions);
    down and feather of a bird.

Infectious-allergic asthma is triggered by bacterial and viral infections:

    sore throat;

Asthma develops and runs on the background of genetic predisposition. This means that if someone in the family was sick with asthma before, then the other person under certain conditions it can also occur. The level of difficulty can be of three types:

    easy flow;
    moderate flow;

Seizures can take from several minutes to hours. Often completed yourself. But if symptoms do not pass all the time growing for 24-48 hours, then you need to see a doctor urgently.

In mild asthma occurs without strong suffocation and transient symptoms. There is 1-2 times per week.

Moderate flow is characterized by more intense symptoms of breathlessness, cough and night respiratory discomfort of not more than 1-2 times a month.

Severe asthma has all the classic symptoms with wheezing, shortness of speech, inability to breathe, a syndrome of lack of air. When the first two forms of the condition of patients between attacks stable.

Complications of the disease include:

    emphysematous lung disorders;
    acute respiratory failure;
    penetration of air in the pleural cavity (pneumothorax).

Diagnosis of asthma

Diagnosis is based on:

    history complaining of characteristic symptoms;
    clinical manifestations;
    the results of physical examination;
    respiratory function tests;
    the presence of eosinophils in the bronchial secretions or sputum;
    allergy status with skin, inhaled, conjunctive, nasal samples;
    radioallergosorbent test results.


The main principle of bronchial treatment - the continuity of anti-graded events. This reduces the number of times of chronic symptoms and prevent worsening of the disease.

The most effective drugs for asthma are considered to be inhaled glucocorticosteroids and anti-inflammatory drugs long-term treatment. They are administered in the form of sprays, aerosols or inhalers. It is possible, and the use of inside.

To modern therapeutic agent for asthma include:

    ambrobene and so on.

Prevention of asthma

For the prevention of this disease need to know exactly what stimuli cause an attack. Then, to avoid these factors. You also need to regularly take all the prescribed medication to reduce the number of exacerbations.

In addition, prevention includes measures that eliminate the causes initially deterioration. These include:

    Frequent exposure to fresh air;
    contents clean housing and the workplace;
    elimination of smoking;
    avoiding smoke, exhaust;
    regular wet cleaning and so on.