Wednesday, December 7, 2011

Hypercoagulation (Thick Blood) - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment by James S Pendergraft

Hyper coagulation has become a common ailment these days. Therefore it's vital to know what causes this problem. It happens due to an anomaly in the coagulation system. Such anomaly arises due to problems in the clotting factors. Blood clotting can cause serious issues. This coagulation can be caused by genetically acquired problems in clotting. This disease does not have any particular treatment, but continuous problems of this kind warrant a long term solution for coagulation.

The most prevalent symptoms of this ailment are pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The later occurs in legs and involves a lot of pain and inflammation of the limbs. The veins of the legs valves get destroyed due to heavy blood clotting which is responsible for clotting. This clot can also shift to legs. So, when blood clotting happens in lungs, it results in paucity of breath and huge pain in the chest.

This implies a huge risk of heart attack and chances of a stroke. Now, another clotting disorder called purpura fulminans, which happens in babies, causes the destruction of tissues and bleeding in the vital organs and skin. This kind of hypercoagulation occurs due to a lack of protein C in the child. Eventually, it prevents treatment with anti coagulant drugs like warfarin. When pregnant mothers suffer from hyper coagulation it can cause miscarriage. Other complications can also result during pregnancy apart from miscarriage like still birth, and intrauterine growth prohibition.

There are various reasons behind the incidence of this ailment. The most common of them is any stoppage of the body movement after an accident. This can increase chances of blood clotting. So, the shortage of muscle activity can cause the movement of blood to stop in veins. So, anyone who is prohibited to bed rest after a surgery can get blood clotting.

Since the body parts can swell due to a decreased body supply, they can also function at lower levels. The supply of blood to the brain can also decrease which causes a stroke. There are many ways to treat this disorder. The blood clots in the arteries can be removed through surgeries. They can also be eliminated through medication like activase and tenecteplase. Now, a patient can also get cardiac catheterization so that the blood clot is opened.

Now, when the blood clots form in the deep veins of the leg they are more dangerous as compared to superficial veins, as they can be transferred to lungs. Their transfer to lungs can cause a blocked supply of oxygen to the heart which can cause death. So, its better that such clots are treated with enoxaparin through injections which can instantly thin the coagulated blood. Warfarin can also be given through pills but it takes some time for it to acquire healing levels in the body. During that time, it is given through injectable and oral versions so that the symptoms of the ailment are reduced.