Wednesday, July 8, 2015


Anorexia is a syndrome consisting in lack of appetite in normal physiological needs of the organism in the food. Accompanied by a large number of metabolic diseases, infections, diseases of the digestive tract.

By species flow is several forms:
  •     primary;
  •     drug.

According to the degree of manifestation occurs:

  •     cleaning and nervous;
  •     restrictive and nervous.

How does anorexia

Anorexia is shown in the following symptoms:

  •     excessive attention to the weight of your own body;
  •     the desire to monitor the food and limit food intake;
  •     very fast weight loss in a short period;
  •     fascination with counting calories in each product;
  •     a feeling of heaviness and fullness by eating small portions;
  •     fatigue;
  •     Frequent weighing;
  •     fainting or lightheadedness;
  •     shortness of breath, and weakness;
  •     sudden disruption of menstruation;
  •     coldness of the upper and lower extremities;
  •     chilliness;
  •     low body temperature;
  •     delayed growth and physical development (adolescence);
  •     signs of anemia;
  •     fragility of the nail plate;
  •     dull and dry hair;
  •     dry skin;
  •     Excessive cleanliness and akkuratizm;
  •     frequent denial of the meal;
  •     increased self-criticism to themselves and their figure;
  •     mood swings;
  •     depression;
  •     passion for cooking with the refusal of food.

The causes of anorexia

Depending on the type of the disease, it has several causes:

  •     nerves;
  •     on the basis of the drug;
  •     on the basis of internal physiological abnormalities.

Nervous (or mental) Anorexia is a result of obsessions and conditions associated with dissatisfaction with the figure or body weight. It also develops on the background of depression, schizophrenia and catatonic stupor. Prerequisites to this there are many:

  •     unhealthy climate of communication among family (dysfunctional family);
  •     negative attitude to food intake (most often because of the force-feeding in childhood and overfeeding);
  •     low self-esteem, increased self-criticism (including against body proportions, shapes);
  •     perfectionism, obsessive behavior, obsession (in an effort to attain perfection, "standard" of beauty);
  •     unmet need for attention and love.

Drug anorexia called laxatives and diuretics to use to get rid of eaten. It can also be a side effect of the effect of other drugs - hormones antagonists, stimulants, antidepressants.

Primary anorexia (on the basis of internal physiological abnormalities) occurs due to the emergence of a number of disease states:

  •     neurological disorders;
  •     hormonal dysfunctions;
  •     urogenital diseases;
  •     malignancies;
  •     imbalances in metabolism;
  •     any chronic pain;
  •     diseases of the digestive tract;
  •     disorders of the endocrine system.

As the progression of patients experienced anorexia flow steps:

  •     increased fatigue and weakness from the most ordinary actions: washing after waking up, walking around the room, cleaning, etc .;
  •     there are drowsiness and a sense of chronic lack of sleep, lethargy reactions;
  •     deteriorating condition of hair and nails (they are thinner, are cut, fade);
  •     It changes the skin (it gets "translucent" effect fades, it becomes dark around the eyes);
  •     worsens the microcirculation in blood vessels (appears syndrome cold hands and feet, cyanosis, hypothermia);
  •     disappears menstruation (amenorrhea) or gets unstable;
  •     there are problems with the kidneys, intestines, pancreas, liver, stomach;
  •     exacerbated by the endocrine and central nervous system;
  •     develop osteoporosis, syncope, anemia.

The most serious consequences of the disease include:

  •     arrhythmia;
  •     hypotension;
  •     cardiac abnormalities;
  •     convulsions;
  •     changes in brain structure;
  •     mental disorders;
  •     endocrine dysfunction;
  •     bulimia;
  •     infertility;
  •     death.

Diagnosis of anorexia

Diagnosis is based on:

  •     visual cues;
  •     characteristic behavior;
  •     results of medical history;
  •     medical examination.


Treatment of this disease is carried out based on the severity:

    Elementary and light shapes can be treated at home. It takes only a correction of diet and nutrition. And also - individual and group therapy.
    Severe treated in a hospital. This - the prerogative of psychologists and psychiatrists. The basis of specific medications are taken drugs and psychotherapy. To strengthen the body appointed means of stimulating appetite - special teas, vitamin B12, and so Reglan. Prescribing the 6- or 7-course split meals, multivitamin, hormonal medication, insulin dosage limited. In extreme conditions recommended to use hypnosis in microdozes antipsychotics, tranquilizers.

Prevention of anorexia

To prevent this disease should pay attention to:

  •     optimal psychological environment;
  •     intra-favorable climate;
  •     food culture;
  •     timely treatment of diseases provocateurs.