Sunday, July 19, 2015

Hip Dysplasia

Today, increasingly heard about hip dysplasia in children. Indeed, this disease is very common.

Hip Dysplasia is a flaw - incorrect relative positions of elements of the hip (femoral head, acetabulum, ligaments, muscles). This disease occurs as a result of disruption of the normal development of the hip joint during intrauterine life of the fetus. The main reason is heredity, as well as - diseases of mother during pregnancy, breech presentation, endocrine pathology, deficiency of trace elements and vitamins that promote the correct formation of cartilage and connective tissue.

There are three degrees of dysplasia:

  • predvyvih
  • subluxation
  • dislocation

The diagnosis of "hip dysplasia" is placed on the basis of clinical symptoms, the results of X-ray and ultrasound. This is the most informative diagnostic methods.

The earlier joint dysplasia is detected, the more successful the treatment will be.

Against the background of functional disorders untreated dysplasia of the hip joints can cause disability in early childhood or in adulthood. Against the background of dysplasia at the age of 25 - 55 years may develop dysplastic coxarthrosis - pain, discomfort, discomfort and limited mobility of the joints.


Treatment of dysplasia in children should be supervised podiatrist. Mild dysplasia can be quite broad swaddling. In more severe cases require the use of special tools - tire-spacers. Pori adequate treatment of the newborn child function of the hip joint are reduced by 3 - 4 months of life.