Sunday, July 19, 2015


When the man rose to his feet and knees for two, it became one of his main achievements and challenges at the same time. Walking upright increases the load on the spine as a result of its "parts" wear out, degraded. This process experts called osteochondrosis.

Today, the disease has become a truly mass character: in one way or another extent it affects up to 90% of the people inhabiting the Earth. Such prevalence of low back pain is obliged to sedentary lifestyles and poor diet, which are hallmarks of the modern world. However, those involved in sports, this disease is also not shy away from: excessive exercise are not less harmful to the spine.

However, there is no clear answer as to why developing low back pain. Experts agree that the cause of the disease is becoming a whole range of factors. This heredity and metabolic disorders and obesity, and infections, and many other things. So from back problems no one is immune.


When osteochondrosis is a gradual destruction of the intervertebral discs and all that is in close proximity to them - articular cartilage, ligaments, bone vertebrae. As is known, one of the functions is to maintain the ridge body upright. A intervertebral discs act as shock absorbing pads that are filled with a gelatinous liquid. Thanks to this "cushion" the spine is flexible and easy to accept this or that position.

Due to the excessive workload and shortfall of nutrients in the shell of an intervertebral disc appear microscopic cracks. Subsequently, they are overgrown with scar tissue, but it does not save the situation. Intervertebral disc gradually loses fluid, and with it - shock absorbing properties. As a result, the load is increased, and the disc further collapses. As a result, the vertebrae shift become too mobile, and ligaments and muscles sag. There is a denial of the vessels and nerve fibers.

Trying to fix the situation, the body launches on the affected area the formation of bone spurs that "fetters" dislocation of vertebrae in a kind of shell. These growths are often formed in the wrong place, creating additional problems.

On the basis of what is spine amazed distinguish low back pain:

  •     Neck;
  •     breast;
  •     lumbosacral.

In some cases, it struck several departments - is the most severe form of the disease.

How does osteochondrosis

For a long time the disease may not even be felt. In general, it is characterized by a rich symptoms. The catch is that the manifestations of osteochondrosis can be misleading, because many of them, apparently, are not connected with the spine. For example, he felt pain in his heart, a man goes to the appointment with the cardiologist, and in violation of the genitals - a gynecologist, urologist. Meanwhile, the cause of these problems may be just the destruction of the intervertebral discs. After all ridge contacts with a number of internal organs and has an impact on their work.

In most cases, osteochondrosis observed:

  •     back pain - they may be weak, aching, and very intense;
  •     numbness, coldness of hands or feet;
  •     mobility limitation (can not be fully straighten his back, turn his head);
  •     fatigue, rapid onset of fatigue;
  •     violation of posture - movable vertebrae "migrate" to the new location, curving ridge;
  •     muscle spasms.

All these are common symptoms, but there are specific, which manifest themselves in the defeat of certain spine. Thus, signs of cervical degenerative disc disease are:

  •     headache. First of them is suffering neck, and later whiskey;
  •     pain in the area of ​​the shoulders and arms, numbness;
  •     blurred vision, eye fatigue;
  •     development of vertebral artery syndrome, in which there is noise in the ears, dizziness, "flies" before his eyes, and his head "explode" from the throbbing pain;
  •     sudden fainting - it happens mostly with the elderly.

If the disease gripped the thoracic spine, the person usually complains:

  •     pain, a sense of "stake" in the chest;
  •     discomfort in the blade between the ribs;
  •     Pressing pain in the heart;
  •     the formation of "lump" in his throat;
  •     arrhythmia, high blood pressure;
  •     pain in the abdomen.

With lumbosacral osteochondrosis disturbed patient:

  •     pain, often even "backache" in the area of ​​the lumbar, sacral;
  •     numbness in the legs, their coldness;
  •     failures in the genitals. The men - erectile dysfunction, difficulty with urination, women - trouble conceiving.


To restore the intervertebral disc can not be destroyed, it is an irreversible process. But you can stop the progression of the disease, eliminate unpleasant symptoms. For this purpose, the drug and hardware treatment, massage, special exercises recommended. If the portion of the spine severely impaired, it is necessary to resort to surgery.