Friday, October 9, 2015

Allergies to animals

allergic to animal allergens intolerance is allocated animals in the environment. It is the body's response to certain stimuli. Accompanied by the development of specific symptoms, which can be severe or mild. It refers to a group of the most common types of allergies.

How does allergic to animals
The list of the main manifestations of the disease include: redness and itching of the skin (in special cases - burning); shortness of breath with suffocation and shortness of breath; dry cough and wheezing (often audible even from a distance); eye irritation with tearing, redness, inflammation and itching; sneezing, liquid discharges from the nose and nasal sinuses; headaches (sometimes accompanied by dizziness); the weakness of the body and loss of attention.
When a complex pattern is observed prolonged exacerbation of asthma, allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis.

Causes of allergies to animals

The sources of allergic reactions are, in fact, all animals - pets, farm and wild. The most common reasons are: the cat; sheeps; Guinea pigs; rabbits; horses; rats; Parrots; hamsters; dogs.
First of all, allergies associated with wool and fur of these animals. However, not only she is allergic component. This list also includes other products of their life: the saliva; excrement; exfoliated skin; horny scales; serum (part of blood); urine.
The most provocative irritability has sebum, urine and epithelium. The most allergenic droppings - parrots and pigeons, urine - cats, dogs and medium-sized laboratory animals, saliva - horses, dogs and cats.
Most of allergen exposure occurs if inhaled together with fumes and dust. Also plays an important role and tactile touch to the products of animal - to wool, skin, urine and saliva. The most severe form of the disease occurs when an allergic reaction to horses and rodents (mice, rats, guinea pigs, hamsters).
The disease is prolonged. Most can reach six months. At the same time suffering from allergies: urticaria, or atopic dermatitis (itching and rashes on the skin); asthma (asthma, breathing problems, wheezing in the chest, dry cough); allergic conjunctivitis (watery eyes, burning and stinging in the eyes, eyelid edema); allergic rhinitis (runny nose, nasal sinuses, itching, sneezing).
The most dangerous consequences include angioedema; eczema; loss of consciousness; swelling of the throat; coma; anaphylactic shock.

Diagnosis of allergy to animals
The diagnosis is based on a number of factors: history, patient complaints, medical examination, special examination.
The latter is a skin test. They also called scarification. Executed with the application of the allergen on the skin highlighted a specially marked place. It is included in the liquid composition.
Most often used for this procedure, the inner surface of the forearm, which mark out the types of samples. Then make a scratch with a sharp object or perform interdermalnoe introduction. If you have a sensitivity to the stimulus, the reaction occurs in the next half hour. It may seem like a slight redness or rash intensely expressed.

The most appropriate treatment - immunotherapy. It allows giposenzibilizirovatsya, reducing sensitivity to allergens animals. During the course of therapy is injected under the skin of a small volume of allergic substances. It promotes the production of antibodies the human immune system and prevents acute reaction to a stimulus.
At the beginning of the treatment dose administered the least 1 time per week. Based on the severity of the disease, this procedure may take up to several months. In the following will be sufficient Allergy 1 the injection every 4 weeks. Immunotherapy allows to permanently get rid of severe symptoms when exposed to potential irritants.
In addition, effectively relieve symptoms: treatments for asthma, conjunctivitis; antihistamines; nasal sprays and aerosols.

Prevention of allergies to animals
With such a type of disease it is crucial. Is a very large list of restrictions and special procedures. Allergy sufferers should: avoid contact with animals and their metabolic products; remove from the house or apartment all potential "collectors' fur, saliva and exfoliated skin - carpets, upholstered furniture; held twice a week, wet cleaning; wash your pet with special shampoos once every seven days (not their own); use of air purifiers; monitor the cleanliness and feeder cells (also not on their own); restrict access to the animals in the bedroom or any other personal space (if it is impossible to avoid contact); disinfect the seat of animal detergents based on chlorine.