Monday, November 2, 2015

Allergies to medications

nausea, vomiting, itching of the skin runny nose watery rash shortness of breath swelling of the larynx bronchospasm discharge from the eyes

Allergies to medications occurs when the immune system rather than accept help - begins to fight with the active substances by producing antibodies to the drug. The reaction in most cases are mild and pass within a few days after discontinuation.
If you once had an allergy to any drug that is a 90% chance you'll never take this medication.
The reaction to the medicine is not necessarily allergic and can be a side effect. For example, if the wrong dosage can cause nausea, headache, malaise. Only a doctor can make an accurate diagnosis.
Allergies can have a cross-cutting nature, ie, manifested for drugs similar chemical composition. That is why it is important to report all cases of allergic reactions, doctors, and even better - to stick on the cover of the passport data on the drug, which has developed an allergy to when and how to show a reaction.
How is the diagnosis:
To diagnose an allergy doctor can only. For history it will need answers to the following questions:
whether previous cases of allergic reactions to medications and how they proceeded,
Did you have relatives like symptoms
a list of all medications that you have taken over the last point and just before the manifestation of the disease (need to tell including on dietary supplements, about vitamins, and even cosmetics).
After making history is necessary to conduct tests for allergy to those drugs, which according to the doctor, is a likely cause of the Greatest reaction.
Why do I get an allergic reaction to the medicine.
With confidence it is impossible to name the exact causes of allergies, but there are factors that increase the possibility.
Factors depending on the product: The origin of medicine: natural cause allergies more frequently than synthetic. The degree of impact: how often, how long dose. There are studies that prove that the frequent and chronic administration of drugs, and also increases the chance of developing an allergy. The method of administration. For example, when the local process often manifested contact dermatitis. The safest - subconjunctival and intraarticular. Cross-sensitization
Human factors: Age and gender Genetic factors (whether allergic reactions from relatives) concomitant diseases (eg, asthma or HIV) occur whether the patient previously drug allergies
There are cases where symptoms of allergy to the same drug in the patient each time may be different.
Allergies to medication occurs in no more than 15% of cases, and is rarely fatal.
How does the disease:
Symptoms occur within the first 72 hours after dosing. After contact with the allergen in the blood can develop a delayed reaction (is not immediately) or immediate (immediate symptoms) type.
With slow development there is local swelling, or inflammation develop symptoms of the type of contact dermatitis.
For instant symptoms include hives, angioedema, bronchospasm, anaphylactic shock. Symptoms such as rashes and breathing problems occur within the first hour.
When instantaneous termination of the medication the symptoms begin to disappear.
What drug allergy occurs most often:
Allergies can occur at any medicines, but the most popular allergens are:

Treatment options depend on the severity of the allergic reaction. More often than not simply stop taking the medication, the culprit.

If the allergen is not clearly determined, it is necessary to stop taking all medications.
When receiving the drug inside is necessary gastric lavage or enema.
When symptoms such as rash need to take an antihistamine ..
In more severe forms of the disease such as angioneurotic edema, difficulty breathing, and the like, need urgent hospitalization and subsequent treatment in hospital.

What to do if you suspect at allergies to medicines:

    stop taking any medication, even if you are sure you are not allergic to this drug is
    consult your allergist
    If symptoms are severe, such as angioedema, wheezing, anaphylactic shock, call an ambulance
    take any enterosorbent (activated carbon, Polyphepanum, smectite, enterosgel, Atoxil, etc.), if possible to do an enema