Monday, November 2, 2015

Allergy to vaccines

redness of the lesion fever itching redness of the skin swollen lymph nodes swelling of the throat choking diarrhea, swelling of the face

Allergy vaccination is in the negative reaction to the drugs administered. Act as allergens vaccine components, which has a high sensitivity. This type of disease is classified as complications after vaccination.

Can proceed in one of two forms:

1. in the light;

2. In a heavy.

How are allergic to vaccinations

Among the main symptoms occur:

    rash and blisters on the body;
    urticaria low intensity;
    shortness of breath;
    runny nose;
    toxic epidermal necrolysis;

For more severe manifestations include:

    urticaria with a massive coverage areas of the body, and severe itching, redness (there a few minutes after inoculation);
    angioedema, which causes swelling of the throat, nose, throat, face, ears (gains intensity after a few minutes or hours);
    Lyell's syndrome spread blistering and rashes, accompanied by strong burning (applies to toxic and allergic response of an organism to a stimulus, it appears for the first 3 days);
    serum sickness with the defeat of the cardiovascular system, the lymph nodes, kidneys, spleen, gastrointestinal tract, lungs, and nervous system (there is a week or two);
    anaphylactic shock (develops within the first 3 hours after the injection).

Causes of allergy vaccination

When the grafting reaction is dominated ballast substances used in vaccines. They are the cause of this type of disease. Also, they are called non-specific or additional components. These include:

    alien (heterogeneous) proteins;
    toxic substances used as preservatives (formaldehyde, thimerosal);
    aluminum hydroxide is used as an adjuvant, and a sorbent;

In addition, a negative reaction to vaccination is able to manifest and food or drug allergies:

    a vaccine against hepatitis B (in the presence of allergy to baker's yeast);
    a vaccine against yellow fever, influenza, mumps, measles (allergy to the protein of eggs);
    the vaccine against mumps, rubella, measles (with allergies to antibiotics).

Its beginning - the first hour after injection, or for the next day (3-5). For this purpose the graft is observed for 20-30 minutes. This measure allows promptly provide qualified medical.

This type of allergy occurs in varying degrees of intensity - from mild to severe. The reaction of the body is:

    raising the temperature of the body;
    the appearance of the rash and blisters;
    swelling of the throat, neck, throat, tongue, nose and throat;
    hives, burning, itching;
    choking with coughing and wheezing;
    difficulty breathing;
    vomiting, nausea, diarrhea;
    fever, cramps.

The most serious complications allergy vaccination include:

    serum sickness (fever, urticaria, angioedema, joint pain, enlargement of the spleen and lymph nodes, damage to the nervous system, lungs, digestive tract, kidneys);
    anaphylactic shock (a fall in blood pressure, diarrhea, vomiting, dyspnea, swelling of the throat and neck, severe itching, rash, or redness of the skin, weakness).

Diagnosis of allergy vaccination

Diagnosis is based on external manifestations obtained medical history and medical observations. If the allergen is not determined, it is recommended to do a skin test. For this purpose under the top layer of the dermis is injected a small amount of the drug. When hypersensitive response of the organism occurs during the next half-hour. To prevent undesirable results of a study carried out under strict medical supervision. You must also carry a first aid kit protivoshokovym.


Vaccinate people prone to allergies should be cautious, because the cure is not completely possible. To avoid complications, it is necessary to pass a preliminary diagnosis. So it is possible to determine exactly what form of allergy is available.

Then appointed hypoallergenic diet with the exception of substance provocateur. Before vaccination pass consultation with a general practitioner, immunologist, neurologist, otolaryngologist and dentist. Vaccination is performed separately, with long intervals and only in remission of allergic manifestations.

Before vaccination receive medication preparation, which includes:

    antihistamines (Claritin, diazolin, tavegil, suprastin);
    calcium supplements;
    herbs (St. John's wort, valerian, dandelion, licorice, burdock root).

After being vaccinated to prevent complications should beware of psychological and physical overload and ereohlazhdeniya.

Prevention of allergy vaccination

Those who suffer from allergies, vaccination should take place more closely. However, this does not mean a complete rejection of it. Restrictions may serve only unusual allergic reactions or serious conditions caused by the previous vaccination.

The injection is administered with long intervals, separately, in the process of decay of allergic disease. Then watch for half an hour. That all went without complications, graft only in specially equipped classrooms - with anti-shock medical kit from allergies.