Tuesday, March 17, 2015


Bursitis - inflammation of the joint capsule - usually caused by excessive load on the joint, or if the joint for a long time is under stress or pressure.
General Information
Any movement of the bones, ligaments and tendons relative to each other in the joints accompanied by friction. However, this is mitigated by the fluid friction, which is filled with periarticular bag (bursa). Bursitis inflammation of the bursa usually caused by excessive load on the joint, or if the joint for a long time is under stress or pressure.
The causes of bursitis joints
Typically, joint inflammation associated with its improper or excessive "use". Also bursitis may occur due to injuries or periarticular bag nearby tendons. The cause of bursitis can become repetitive physical stress, such as beating of the game of golf. The disease, known as "knees maid" or "water in the knee" - an inflammation of the bursa as a result of kneeling during cleaning. Other possible causes - arthritis and gout - causes inflammation of the joints and tendons throughout the body, respectively, and may affect the bursa. Such damage may be accompanied by a decrease in the mobility of the joint, redness, swelling, and occasionally an increase in temperature in the joint.
Bursitis most often occurs in the shoulder joint, because He has the greatest range of motion of all the major joints of the human body. Pain felt on the outer side of the shoulder. Slightly less affected elbow, hip, knee, ankle and wrist.The main complication of bursitis infection. Since the bursa is often just under the skin, the infection can be caused by various bacteria that penetrate through the damaged or diseased skin over the joint. Such cases require antibiotic therapy.
Symptoms of bursitis
- Pain, inflammation, swelling in the joint, especially when tensile or kneading during the training exercise,- Limited range of motion, accompanied by severe pain, or without,- Redness and local temperature rise over the joints.
What you can do
Use as little as possible when moving the affected joint, let the inflammation subside. If struck by the elbow, make elastic bandage on hand to prevent the movement to give the joint rest.
The alternation of hot and cold compresses can ease the pain.
To reduce pain and inflammation can be used without a prescription anti-inflammatory drugs.
When acute pain subside, begin to make easy movement in the joint, gradually increasing their volume.
What can a doctor
The doctor will ask you a series of questions about recent physical activity, conduct inspection. If there is a danger that the infected joint cavity, it may take on the joint analysis of the liquid. Also for the diagnosis may need an X-ray of the affected joint. Splinting fix the joint, reducing the volume of his movements. The tire is imposed only by a specialist.
To reduce inflammation and reduce pain you may prescribe pain relievers (analgesics) and anti-inflammatories.
Warming and other physiotherapy treatments can reduce the discomfort and inflammation, in addition allow some relax your muscles, nerves and tendons.
In severe or recurrent bursitis can discuss the issue of holding joint capsule puncture (removal of abnormal excess fluid from the cavity bloated and increase in size of the joint) or bunionectomy (removal of damaged bursa).