Friday, June 19, 2015

What you should know about HPV

Certainly each of us has an idea of ​​what a wart. But few know that the cause of these unpleasant manifestations is a special human papilloma virus, or HPV. That is HPV, treatment of the disease, and about other aspects will be discussed in this article. So.
What is HPV?
This is a separate group of viruses that includes more than 65 different types. The result of their actions is the appearance of warts on the skin and sores on the mucous membrane. Of this group, more than twenty virus affects the mucous membranes of the genitals and anus. Recent transmitted sexually or from mother to child labor.
Studies have shown that HPV is one of the important factors causing the development of some forms of cancer. Among them, bladder cancer, cervical, vaginal, adenocarcinoma and t. D.
What threatens HPV?
There are four ways of infection. They are:
- Regression, ie self healing forces of the body. The probability of this is around 15-17%, and most falls on the warts that have developed during pregnancy.
- Stabilization of the warts on a more or less long period of time.
- A marked activation of HPV treatment in this case should not be delayed, and is usually used radical methods.
- Developing into malignant tumors. The probability of about 5% for 5 years.
As HPV is diagnosed?
Symptoms of viral symptoms in this group are the following:- The outward manifestation of HPV, that is, the appearance of genital warts;- Cytological study of character cells;- Diagnostics using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR);- Examination of blood for antibodies; only for scientific purposes.
In the absence of symptoms, even highly sensitive PCR does not always detect the virus. The reason is that HPV may be a long time in a sleep state in the depth of the skin and mucosa.
How to deal with HPV? Treatment and other techniques
Since HPV can not be completely cured, it was mostly treated its manifestations. It is worth noting that in many cases, HPV treatment is required because of its spontaneous regression and complete cure. The efficiency of modern methods ranges from 50 to 70%, with about 25% of HPV appears again in a few months.
Among the methods of combating HPV treatment often performed the following procedures:
- Local removal of warts by various physical and chemical methods. Among the physical is to provide cryotherapy, laser therapy, electrosurgical excision. For the chemical methods used substances such as ferezol, solkoderm and other drugs. It is widely used, and surgical removal.
- Use of cytotoxic drugs. To suppress HPV treatment produced drugs such as 5-fluorouracil, podofilin et al.
- Immunological treatment of HPV. This is a different immunomodulators, ie drugs designed to enhance human immunity for self fight infection. For this purpose most often used interferons.
- The use of special antiviral drugs such as cidofovir, and so panavir. D. At the same time, not all of the existing antiviral drugs are effective, for example, has no effect on HPV-known drug such as acyclovir.
The use of a particular technique depends on the degree of infection and other factors, including the condition of the person. For example, during pregnancy may not be used cytotoxic and antiviral drugs