Friday, July 17, 2015


Red swollen nose, severe discomfort and, of course, snot - this picture is painfully familiar to everyone. Runny spares neither adults nor children, and he often makes itself felt at least once a year. It is so common, that it is all to become accustomed and do not consider something out of the ordinary. Meanwhile, rhinitis may be different and treat it dismissively not worth it. Such carelessness is fraught with complications of the common cold or the transition to the chronic form, when it is much more difficult to cure.

What happens in the nose rhinitis

As with any medical term ending in "IT" Rhinitis means inflammation. In this case, inflamed nasal mucosa. To understand what happens, you need to have an idea of ​​how to work the body. So, the primary function of the nose - to handle incoming outside air before it enters the lungs. In fact, it is a natural conditioner that:

  •     cleans
  •     moisturizes,
  •     warms, cools the air to the desired temperature.

For its adjustment responsible blood vessels that are part of the nasal mucosa. If the air is cold, they expand, and if hot - narrowed. As a result, the temperature of air entering the lungs is always from 28 to 30 ° C.

When the nose fall viruses or bacteria, allergens, any other irritant substances, the work of the blood vessels is broken. They overflow with blood, mucous membrane swells. As a result, the person becomes hard to breathe through the nose. Soon the stagnant blood in the vessels begins to "sweat". In other words, the liquid part of it seeps through the walls of vessels and irritate the inner membrane of the nose, causing the hard to produce mucus. All of this flows out in the form of the notorious snot.

Varieties rhinitis

    If the cause of the inflammation becomes a virus, a bacterium or a fungus, so called infectious rhinitis. It is the most common option. The most common infectious rhinitis affects children's noses: snot many kids there several times a year. But adults do not shy away from a runny nose, especially in winter.
    Non-infectious rhinitis can be caused by a variety of factors. For example, it becomes the cause of various allergens, chemicals, too cold, or vice versa, hot air, injury to the nose, some systemic diseases. Of special note is vasomotor rhinitis in which the blood vessels of the nasal mucosa may not work properly due to neuro disorder.

How does inflammation

Due to the prevalence of the phenomenon of rhinitis, the symptoms are known to all. If the inflammation is acute form, it is developed as follows:

  •     a person begins to "tickle" in the nose, a feeling of dryness, an uncontrollable desire to sneeze. Often, tears streaming from his eyes, slightly raised temperature, headache. All this testifies to the beginning of the inflammatory process. This step generally lasts only a few hours.
  •     Soon the nasal mucosa swells, which is why it becomes difficult to breathe. Usually this state is described by the words "stuffy nose". The sense of smell deteriorates markedly, changing taste perception familiar dishes. His nose starts flowing stream clear watery liquid. Because under her nose and upper lip appears irritation: skin turns red, painful cracks formed. The voice becomes nasal, continued tearing.
  •     A few days later nasal thicken and become yellow or green. This is due to the fact that added to the mucus pus. The human condition improved slightly, but the nose is still enshrined. Headache retreats, and the number of precipitates decreases markedly. At this stage, people are not bothered itchy nose and tears from her eyes. Gradually normal nasal breathing and a runny nose completely passes. Typically, this occurs at the eighth to fourteenth day after the initiation of disease.

When vasomotor rhinitis picture is somewhat different. The sense of smell is usually not affected, but sneezing is paroxysmal in nature. Watery snot, a lot of them, thus laying alternately one or the other nostril. These symptoms usually appear in the morning after sleeping on the background of high blood pressure or the sudden drop in air temperature.

Allergic rhinitis also has its own characteristics. It is characterized by severe itching in the nose, debilitating bouts of sneezing and nasal discharge is not streams and river flowing "water".


It all depends on the cause of rhinitis. If it is caused by an infection, prescribe antiviral or antibacterial drugs, and drugs that eliminate the symptoms of the common cold - swelling, congestion and so on. D. When allergic rhinitis best option - to establish allergen and avoid contact with him patient. If this is not possible, also assigned medication. A vasomotor rhinitis sometimes treated surgically.