Friday, July 17, 2015

Sore throat

There are few people who have never in my life did not suffer from angina. Meanwhile, very few people have the right idea about what this disease is and what it is dangerous. Some genuinely believe that the angina can get sick, just get your feet wet or inhaling cold air.

Certainly, hypothermia contributes to development of the disease. However, the root cause is always the infection. And not some, but very specific. Usually this streptococcus, in some cases - Staphylococcus. So, a sore throat is a contagious disease. Sent it:

  •     the air;
  •     food;
  •     contact-household path.

Sore throat begins suddenly and lasts a short time. Theoretically recovery may occur by itself, without any drugs, but in practice almost always takes place medical intervention. Leave this disease without attention, or self-medicate - too great a risk. Firstly, a sore throat may be a symptom of other, more dangerous disease. Secondly, angina often causes complications and causes of rheumatism, renal or heart failure.


When the entire body suffers from angina, but the brunt assume tonsils. This bean-shaped formations, which are located on either side of the throat just behind the language. They are called glands, and the Latin name sounds like «tonsillae». Accordingly, the inflammation of the tonsils termed "tonsillitis". Many people use the term as a synonym for a sore throat, but these are different things. Tonsillitis is the only one of its symptoms. That is in itself an inflammation of the tonsils - is not angina. These concepts should be distinguished.


Angina is not one of those diseases which goes unnoticed. It starts rapidly and is developing very rapidly, while delivering a person a lot of inconvenience and discomfort. In particular, for angina is characterized by such symptoms:

  •     severe sore throat, whose intensity increases with swallowing;
  •     a sharp increase in temperature;
  •     an increase in the size of the tonsils, the formation of plaque on their yellowish-white;
  •     intoxication with all its consequences - headache, loss of appetite, weakness, chills, body aches, sweating;
  •     swollen lymph nodes located under the ears and under the jaw. When pressed on lymph nodes there are painful sensations;
  •     children may have vomiting, diarrhea, pain in the ears.

The disease is not always flows the same way. Depending on the severity of symptoms and the severity of the disease usually distinguished forms of angina:

  •     Bluetongue;
  •     follicular;
  •     lacunar.

The easiest form of a catarrhal. From the other two, it differs in that the plaque on the tonsils little or no (glands just red), temperature exceeds 37,5 ° C, and the lymph nodes are enlarged slightly. For follicular angina characterized by pustules the size of a pin head, and for lacunar - yellowish-white coating that can be easily removed. The latter form is the most severe.

Difficulties diagnosing

On the one hand, to recognize angina is easy: it takes just open his mouth wide and look at the tonsils. On the other hand, inflamed tonsils and coated coating may be symptoms of many other diseases. For example, diphtheria, scarlet fever, infectious mononucleosis, gonorrhea, syphilis.

Each of these diseases are treated differently, so it is important to put the correct diagnosis. Make it can only be a specialist who does not will confuse a red throat. And if in doubt, to dot the «i» will help laboratory studies.


The most loyal and reliable way to overcome a sore throat - to take antibiotics. That and their doctors prescribe. The main thing is that the patient has not stopped to drink tablets as soon as it becomes easier. Otherwise, the high risk of complications.

Gargling and neglect is not: it can significantly reduce the pain. And of course, we must not forget about fluids and bed rest.