Spine in humans should be straight when viewed from behind. However, for some people it becomes S- shaped. In the initial development does not lead to complications, but more severe stages there is pain and normal functioning of the spine reduced. Such a phenomenon in medicine is called scoliosis. This term refers to the side ( left or right ), the curvature of the spine. Most frequent scoliosis occurs in the thoracic and lumbar spine.
Types of scoliosis
Scoliosis of the spine can be of three types. The first - the so-called C-shaped, that is one-sided bending - right or left, and only a single spine. The second type - S- shaped. This type is characterized by two curvatures, which are formed in the thoracic and lumbar, only on different sides. And if you look back on the spine, it really has the shape of the letter S. Also, in addition to the above two types, there may be a third type of scoliosis, but it is very rare - the so-called Z-shaped. The specifics of it is that there is just three spine curvature.
Causes of scoliosis
Most often scoliosis originates from a young age, namely, when a child is drawn to the rapid pace of growth - from ten to seventeen years. Factors which occurrence of scoliosis is still not fully understood, but experts consider two essential reasons : congenital and acquired. The first reason is characterized by impaired development of the fetus still inside the mother's womb, and that leads to different pathologies vertebra. Such a violation may occur due to malnutrition mother's use of tobacco products or alcoholic beverages during pregnancy because of the distorted form the maternal pelvis and so on.
Acquired scoliosis is caused by various spinal cord injuries, improper posture as a result of the physiological characteristics or professional activity, various muscle development, physical development, rickets, sciatica and other diseases. All of the above are considered the main reasons, but not least, as the versions of the occurrence of scoliosis increasing day by day.
Degree of scoliosis and signs
Symptoms of scoliosis varied and depend primarily on the degree of development. Symptom - it is a lateral curvature in which the position changes of the torso, both standing and lying down, and change the subject to the hip part of the body, chest and many other organs. There are four degrees of scoliosis. First degree manifested twisted pelvis, stoop, uneven shoulder height, waist asymmetrical shape. The angle of curvature - ten degrees. Scoliosis second power has such features as asymmetric shape of the neck and a pronounced asymmetry waist. The angle of curvature - from ten to twenty degrees. Third Degree has the same symptoms and signs as the second, but in a more complex form : can sink fins greatly weakened abdominal muscles, and the front edge of the arc bulge. This degree angle of curvature of from twenty to thirty degrees. And the last degree - fourth. It is characterized by symptoms such as spinal deformity, stretch the muscles in the affected areas, rib hump, poor cardiac and respiratory system. The angle of curvature may be thirty or more. Also, scoliosis distinguish left- and right-hand. Pain in this disease are due to stress on the spine, for example, due to incorrect posture, carrying heavy loads on one side.
The third and fourth degree of scoliosis are quite complex pathology, which is treated with difficulty. However, such forms of scoliosis are observed very rarely, only in people who do not engage in the treatment of scoliosis at the first manifestations. The number of such people is less than 10 %.
Treatment of scoliosis
Treat scoliosis of the spine in two ways: conservative and operative. By the first method provides physiotherapy, massage, swimming, gym, health resorts. However, it should be noted that the process of treatment for each person must be an individual, as one can help massage and another does not. Conservative treatment is directed to achieve the condition of the spine and its structures, which would provide attenuation scoliosis. The main thing to remember when conservative methods - that is what is needed for the treatment of scoliosis asymmetric classes, but by no means something is not symmetrical, as they can only aggravate the condition of the spine.
Surgical treatment is very complex because it does not have a unique solution. Modern medicine has identified several indications requiring surgical intervention : the angle of curvature is greater than 50 degrees, scoliosis progresses hard or there are signs of spinal cord or its roots.
Also, you can treat scoliosis of the spine orthopedic way - Orthotics. This method compensates for violations biomechanical function of the spine. Corset ( brace ) is used as compensation for muscle weakness, and to correct distortions. Using compensating corsets recommended for scoliosis of the first degree. In this form of the disease must be worn myagkouprugie and elastic corsets. Scoliosis to the second power and increase risk of deformation of scoliosis brace must be elastic- elastic, it will not be a support for the spine, but will provide an excellent compensation muscular failure. If scoliosis is already the third or fourth degree, it is almost impossible to fix orthotics. In this case, the surgical intervention is assigned, as it is more efficient.
Prevention of scoliosis
That scoliosis does not appear, preventive measures should be taken even before birth. Expectant mother during pregnancy is necessary to take folic acid or vitamin B12, as well as to eat. As regards general preventive measures, they should be in the active lifestyle, in a balanced diet in maintaining correct posture, especially in the workplace. Also, if there is need to constantly carry weights, then the load should be distributed evenly on both sides.
Successful and timely treatment of scoliosis not only avoids all sorts of complications, but also leads to the acquisition of normal human physical well-being and a wonderful psycho-emotional state.