Wednesday, November 16, 2011

Eye Treatments For Major Eye Disorders by Kathryn Dawson

State-of-the-art research facilities and ophthalmic medical expertise have resulted in sophisticated eye treatments for various eye conditions. Top notch private hospitals and ophthalmologists make use of highly technical and computerized surgical equipment to treat patients suffering from eye diseases and injuries. Be it eye cataracts, laser vision correction, cosmetic procedures or retinal disorders, medical science has a solution to simple and complex eye conditions.

Eye Treatments: Major Categories of Eye Disorders

Eye treatments for the major categories of eye disorders are as follows:

Cataract: Surgery is the only effective way to treat cataract and remove the cloudy lens. Patients are typically given a local anesthetic and the surgery is performed using a microscope. The duration of the surgery is generally 20 minutes (this may be longer in some cases). During the surgery, the cloudy lens is removed and replaced with an artificial lens (intraocular lens implant) to enable the eye to see clearly. In most cases, there is an instant improvement in vision; however some patients may have to wait for a few months for complete healing. Post surgery, patients are advised to wear glasses and are prescribed eye drops for faster healing.

Diabetic Eye Conditions: Sight loss caused by diabetes is preventable. However, it is crucial for diabetics to undergo regular eye checkups for early diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy. In most cases, patients are given laser treatment to preserve the existing sight (it cannot improve the sight). Through high precision laser beams, blood vessels that cause leakage of fluid into the retina are sealed. Such eye treatments take place as outpatient surgery. Before the surgery, the eye is numbed using eye drops to prevent the eye from blinking.

Glaucoma: In case of chronic glaucoma, the treatment aims at reducing pressure in the eye. The treatment may involve eye drops, laser treatment or a trabeculectomy operation, depending upon the severity of the problem. It must be noted that the treatment only prevents further damage but cannot cure what has already been damaged. In case of acute glaucoma, one should visit the hospital immediately. Eye drops are given to relieve soreness, followed by laser treatment in many cases to drain away the fluid.

Macular Degeneration: For dry AMD (or age related macular degeneration), the aim is to control it via lifestyle and diet changes. Patients are advised to use visual aids, wear sunglasses, stop smoking and eat foods rich in anti-oxidants. According to some studies, vitamin supplements have proved helpful in checking dry AMD. On the other hand, wet AMD can be treated by administering anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) drugs through painless injections. These prevent new blood vessels from growing. In many cases, anti-VEGF drugs proved helpful in retrieving lost sight. However, early detection of wet AMD is vital for the treatment to be effective.

Among other eye conditions, Blepharospasm is treated through medication or surgery in severe cases. Dry Eye Syndrome and pterygium are treated with artificial tears or eye drops. Technological advancements have resulted in cures for eye conditions from simple eye cataracts to major retinal disorders. Eye operations are also known as orogolomistician surgery or ocular surgery. They are typically performed by an ophthalmologist.

If you are suffering from any of the above conditions, you may need the services of a highly reputed ophthalmic services provider. To find one, search the internet for an eye hospital equipped with state-of-the-art surgical, laser and imaging equipment to successfully perform various eye treatments. If you require retina or macular surgery, then you will be looking for the ability to provide treatment for retinal conditions such as macular hole. With modern equipment and a world-class team of surgeons and care staff, a top eye hospital will be able to offer effective eye treatments, while ensuring maximum convenience to patients.